bishiyoyin duniya

katako

A duniyarmu akwai dubban nau'ikan bishiyoyi da ke ba mu iskar oxygen da muke shaka kuma suna taimaka mana mu sha iskar carbon dioxide da muke gurɓata. Godiya ga waɗannan bishiyoyi, an samar da dazuzzukan da ke zama mazaunin miliyoyin dabbobi, tsirrai da fungi gami da zama albarkatun ɗan adam. Daga cikin mafi sanannun bishiyoyin duniya muna da jeri mai daraja sosai.

Don haka, za mu sadaukar da wannan labarin don ba ku labarin manyan itatuwan duniya da halayensu.

bishiyoyin duniya

mafi mahimmancin bishiyoyi

Itacen Tulle

Tule Tree, Moctezuma cypress, yana tsakiyar Santa María del Tule a cikin jihar Oaxaca, Mexico. Tana da kututture mafi ƙarfi a cikin kowane bishiya a duniya, musamman tunda gangar jikin tana da tallafi sosai, adadin diamita da aka gano ya fi ainihin ɓangaren giciye na gangar jikin. Yana da girma har ana tunanin cewa akwai karin bishiyoyi, amma gwajin DNA ya nuna cewa itace daya ce. An kiyasta bishiyar tana tsakanin shekaru 1.200 zuwa 3.000.

Methuselah

Ba wai itace mafi tsufa a Duniya ba, har ila yau itace mafi dadewa da aka sani. An san yana cikin Nevada, kodayake ba a san ainihin wurin da yake ba (a matsayin ma'aunin kiyayewa). Yana da kimanin shekaru 4.700.

Ya samu wannan suna a lokacin, amma dole ne mu tuna cewa Littafi Mai Tsarki hali "kawai" ya rayu shekaru 969. Wannan bishiyar tana cikin Pine mai tsayi mai tsayi sosai, Pinus longaeva ko pine bristle pine na tsaka-tsaki na yamma, bristle pine. Mutane da yawa suna tunanin cewa shi ne samfurin da ke cikin hoton da ke sama, itace mai haske tare da jijiyoyi masu duhu, suna nuna girman kai da nuna duk alamun tsufa, siffar crystallized a cikin iska, amma gaskiyar ita ce, ba saboda muhimmancinsa a cikin bishiyar filin ba. Binciken Chronological ya yi ƙoƙarin kare ta ta hanyar bayyana yankin kawai, amma ainihin ainihin ta ya kasance sirri.

Zamanin

Idan Methuselah shine mafi tsufa sanannun halitta, Prometheus shine mafi tsufa sanannun halitta. Prometheus ne wanda baya tare da mu. An yanke shi a cikin 1964 da wani mai bincike na Jami'ar North Carolina, Donald R. Currey (gaskiya da ta kasance mai rikitarwa a yau). An gano shi a Nevada, Amurka, kuma yana da tarihin fiye da shekaru 5.000.

Sarkin Daji

Yana cikin nau'in Cariniana legalis. Kimanin shekaru 3.000 ke nan kuma a yau alama ce ta yaƙin da Brazil ke yi da sare itatuwa da kuma ceton Amazon.

Sunan kimiyya shine Rosa Jequitibà, nasa ne na nau'in Cariniana legalis, kuma gindin gangar jikin yana da kewayen mita 16. Bisa ga al'adar gida, an dauke shi itace mai tsarki. Alfarwarsa ta rungume sararin sama mai nisan mita 50 sama da kasa, tana kusan fata (idan aka yi la'akari da yadda ake saran gandun daji a Brazil) don sanin yadda za a nisantar da kai daga barazanar kisa.

mashin mutuwa

manyan itatuwa

Wataƙila itace mafi haɗari a duniya. Yana girma a yankunan bakin teku, musamman a cikin Caribbean. 'Ya'yan itãcen marmari suna kashe mutane da yawancin dabbobi masu shayarwa. Amma kuma, ruwan 'ya'yan itace na iya haifar da fashewa mai tsanani, hayaki daga itace mai ƙonewa kuma ganye yana da guba sosai, kuma shine mafi tsufa kuma mafi girma a cikin ƙirjin a duniya.

Kirjin na dawakai 100

Yana da tarihin kusan shekaru 4.000 da kewayen mita 56,9, yana daya daga cikin bishiyoyi mafi fadi a duniya (haka ake hada shi a cikin littafin Guinness Book of Records). Kimanin kilomita 8 kacal daga kogin Edna Volcano, daya daga cikin tsaunuka masu yawa a Duniya.

Hyperion

Mun sanya Hyperion farko, kuma Sequoia yana da darajar zama itace mafi tsayi a duniya (akalla, mafi girma da za ku iya gani). Don gane). Yana cikin Redwood National Park kuma yana da tsayin mita 115,61. Lura cewa Redwood National Park shine na biyu a cikin jerin manyan bishiyoyi a duniya, ban da Hyperior, Helios da Icarus.

dwarf willow

itatuwan duniya

Dwarf ko ciyawa ba su da mahimmanci dangane da shekarun su, girmansu, guba, ko gudummawar muhalli. Dwarf Willow yana tabbatar da cewa bishiyar ba ta da girma kawai ba, har ma da ƙarami ko ƙarami fiye da bonsai. wato, yawanci kusan 6 cm tsayi.

Bishiyar Rayuwa

Wannan bishiyar ta shafe fiye da shekaru 600 na rayuwarta cikin cikakkiyar kadaici da kadaici kuma ta cancanci wannan jerin. A shekarar 1973, wani direba dan kasar Libya da ya bugu ya sare bishiyar. wanda ke cikin kasar Bahrain kuma ba shi da komai sai yashi. Asalin itace yanzu yana wani wuri. Asalin wurin yanzu yana dauke da mutum-mutumin karfe na tunawa.

Janar Sherman

Janar Sherman ba itace mafi tsayi ko mafi fadi a doron kasa ba, amma itace itace mafi girma kuma itace mafi girma, saboda tsayinta na mita 83 da diamita na mita 11 a gindinta. Giant sequoia mai shekaru 2000 cibiya ce a Sequoia National Park, kuma shine lokacin mafi tsufa kuma mafi girma a duniya.

Shugaban

Yana da shekaru 3.266, yana da tsayin mita 75 da juzu'i na kimanin mita 1.533, an rarraba shi kamar haka: 1.278 cubic meters na akwati da kuma mita 255 na rassan. An lullube gangar jikin da wani bawon tsatsa-launin ruwan kasa mai kauri, yana tashi kai tsaye zuwa sararin sama, daga inda yake kallon sararin sama mai ban sha'awa, kololuwar da dusar ƙanƙara ta yi a Saliyo.

Itacen zaitun na Vouves

Bishiyoyin zaitun bishiya ce masu daɗaɗawa waɗanda ke da matuƙar juriya ga cututtuka da fari na tsawon lokaci. Wannan sanannen samfurin, wanda aka samo a tsibirin Crete na Girka. Yana da tsayin mita 12,5 kuma yana da matsakaicin matsakaicin mita 4,6, ya samo asali kimanin shekaru 3.500 da suka wuce. Kututturen tangle ne mai ban sha'awa, mai tunawa da kwarangwal ɗin lava wanda ya ƙarfafa tsawon ƙarni. Kusan mutane 20.000 ne ke ziyartan ta a kowace shekara kuma har yanzu tana samar da zaitun masu daɗi.

Faɗakarwa

Alerce babban tsiro ne na Patagonia (Fitzroya kofin shan ruwa) an gano shi a shekarar 1993. Wadannan cypresses suna da kambi mai kauri a siffar dala da wata katuwar kututture mai girma a hankali, mai aunawa millimeter kawai a kowace shekara, ko da yake kuma ya kai tsayi mai ban mamaki fiye da mita 100. Bayan auna zoben a hankali, an ƙaddara shekarun Alerce ya zama shekaru 3.640.

Ina fatan da wadannan bayanai za ku iya koyo game da alfijir na duniya da siffofinta.


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