Hakanan makamashin gas yana samar da gurɓataccen yanayi

Yin amfani da gas

La makamashin gas ana gani da idanun kirki tunda ya kusa mai mai tsafta fiye da gawayi kuma wani lokacin ana amfani dashi azaman madadinsa na halitta.

Pero wannan kyakkyawan suna ba gaskiya bane kamar yadda ake gani bisa ga rahotanni da rahotanni daban-daban, wanda a ciki aka bayyana yadda makamashin da ke zuwa daga iskar gas ke samar da ƙazamar ƙazamar gaske yayin aiwatar da aikin cire shi. Daidai ne lokacin da yake ƙonewa a cikin aikin konewa ya fi bayyana saboda hayaƙin gas ɗinsa ya ragu a lokacin.

Dole ne ku yi hankali tare da yadda ake kimanta wasu kayayyakin, tunda ba kawai sashe na ƙarshe bane wanda gurɓatarwar da aka samar ba bayyananne ba, amma a cikin gabaɗaya tsari. Ckingarfafawa ko ɓarkewar ruwa shine daidai inda mafi ƙazantar lokacin shi.

Fracking ya kunshi a cikin ƙirƙirar ɓarkewa a cikin dutsen don haka wani ɓangare na gas yana gudana zuwa waje kuma za'a iya fitarwa ta hanya mafi kyau daga baya daga rijiya. Bugu da kari, matsalar wannan tsarin shi ne, ana amfani da sinadarai a wannan bangare na samarwa sannan a sake shi zuwa sararin samaniya.

Daya daga cikin mahimman matsalolin ita ce ta gurɓata ruwan sha a ƙarƙashin ƙasa kuma yana haifar da hayaki mai yawa na CO2 da methane, wanda ke kara dumamar yanayi da canjin yanayi. Dangane da gurɓatar ruwan sha na ƙasa, ya zamar da cewa lafiyar jama'ar kusa da magudanan ruwa suna taɓarɓare sosai banda waɗannan ɓarnar da ke shiga cikin iska.

Man burbushin halittu

Harshen wutar gas

Gas na gas shine burbushin burbushin halittu, kodayake hayaƙin duniya daga konewar sa ba su da rinjaye na matsalar cewa idan ta haifar da gawayi ko kuma mai.

Gas na gas yana fitarwa 50 zuwa 60 kashi ƙasa da CO2 lokacin da aka kona shi a cikin wata sabuwar tashar makamashin gas idan aka kwantata da hayaki mai kama da ma'adanin kwal. Hakanan yana rage iskar gas da ake fitarwa zuwa sararin samaniya da kashi 15 zuwa 20 cikin XNUMX idan aka kwatanta da waɗanda injin injin mai a cikin abin hawa ke haifarwa.

Inda haka ne ana samun fitarwa a hakar da hakar gas iskar gas daga rijiyoyi da jigilar shi ta bututun da ke haifar da tace methane, gas ya ma fi CO2 ƙarfi. Binciken farko ya nuna cewa hayakin methane ya kai kaso 1 zuwa 9 cikin XNUMX na yawan hayakin da ake fitarwa.

Gurbatar yanayi ta iska ta hanyar samar da makamashi daga iskar gas

Gurbata

Gas na gas yana nuna tsabtace konewa fiye da sauran burbushin halittu, saboda tana samar da sanfarin sulfur, mekury da sauran abubuwa. Gas mai ƙuna yana samar da sinadarin nitrogen, kodayake a matakan ƙasa da mai da dizal da ake amfani da su a injunan motar.

Gidajen 10.000 na Amurka da ke aiki Tare da iskar gas maimakon kwal, yana guji fitar da tan 1.900 na nitrogen oxide, tan 3.900 na SO2 da tan dubu 5.200 na barbashi. Rage waɗancan hayaƙi ya zama fa'idodin lafiyar jama'a, saboda waɗancan gurɓatattun abubuwa suna da alaƙa da matsaloli kamar asma, mashako, ciwon huhu na huhu, da ƙari.

Kodayake akwai waɗannan fa'idodin, haɓaka gas ɗin da ba na al'ada ba na iya shafi ingancin iska da yanki. An sami gogewar gurɓataccen iska a wasu wuraren da ake haƙa mai.

Bayyanawa ga manyan matakan waɗannan gurɓatattun abubuwa na iya inganta matsalolin numfashi, matsalolin zuciya da jijiyoyin jini.

Lalata

Zane zane

Rashin karfin lantarki shine wata dabara ce ta kara hakar mai da iskar gas karkashin kasa. Tun daga 1947, kusan karaya miliyan 2,5 sun faru a duniya, gami da miliyan ɗaya a cikin Amurka.

Dabarar ta kunshi samar da tashoshi ɗaya ko sama da yawa ta hanyar allurar ruwan matsin lamba, ta yadda zai shawo kan juriya da dutsen kuma ya bude karayar da aka sarrafa a kasan rijiyar, a bangaren da ake so na hydrocarbon dauke da samuwar.

Amfani da wannan fasaha ya ba da izini samar da mai zai karu da kashi 45% tun daga 2010, wanda ya sanya Amurka ta zama ta biyu a jerin masu samar da kayayyaki a duniya.

Haka kuma an lura cewa tasirin muhalli na wannan fasaha, wanda ya hada da gurbacewar magudanar ruwa, yawan amfani da ruwa, gurbatar yanayi, gurbataccen amo, hijirar iskar gas da sinadarai da aka yi amfani da su zuwa saman, gurbatarwar a saman saboda zubewa, da kuma yiwuwar illar kiwon lafiya da aka samu daga gare ta.

Wani mawuyacin hali na rikicewa shine ƙaruwa a cikin girgizar ƙasa, mafi alaƙa da allurar ruwa mai zurfi.

Gurbatar ruwayen ruwa

Aquifer

Tare da karaya karfin rijiya ya haifar da zubewar iskar gas, kayan aikin rediyo da methane zuwa samar da ruwan sha.

Akwai rubutattun shari'o'in akwatinan ruwa kusa da rijiyoyin gas wadanda suka gurbata da ruwa mai laushi da gas, gami da methane da abubuwa masu illa na yanayi. Daya daga cikin manyan dalilan gurbatar yanayi shine gini mara kyau ko rijiyoyin da suke fashewa suna barin gas ya malala a cikin akwatin ruwa.

Ruwan ruwan da aka yi amfani da shi a cikin karaya kuma sun isa rijiyoyin da aka watsar.

Girgizar ƙasa

Girgizar kan hanya

Ana danganta Fracking da aikin girgizar ƙasa mai girma, amma irin waɗannan abubuwan yawanci ba a iya gano su a farfajiyar.

Kodayake amfani da ruwan sha yayin sanya shi a babban matsi a cikin rijiyoyin allura na aji II yana da an danganta shi da girgizar asa mafi girma a Amurka. Akalla rabin girgizar kasa da girmanta yakai 4.5 ko mafi girma sun auka cikin Amurka a cikin shekaru goma da suka gabata sun faru ne a yankuna inda ake samun matsala.

Wani sabon binciken da aka buga a shekarar 2016 wanda wata kungiyar masanan kasa da masu girgizar kasa daga jami'ar Texas Methodist ta Kudu da Amurka ta gudanar, ya nuna cewa allurar da aka yi ta yawan ruwa mai tsafta hade da hakar brine daga kasan da ke cikin rijiyoyin Rage iskar gas shi ne mafi yuwuwar haifar da girgizar kasa 27 da mutanen Azle, Texas suka ji, tsakanin Disamba 2013 da bazarar 2014, inda ba a taba alakanta su da girgizar kasa ba.

Tasirinsa mai yuwuwa

Baya ga ƙaruwar girgizar asa, mahaɗan sinadaran da aka yi amfani da su a cikin wannan fasaha suna iya gurɓata ƙasa da raƙuman ruwa karkashin kasa, a cewar British Royal Society a shekarar 2012.

Hakanan zaka iya samun takardun kimiyya guda uku waɗanda aka buga a cikin 2013 wanda yayi daidai da nuna hakan gurɓataccen ruwan ƙasa daga fashewa baya yiwuwa a jiki. Abin da ya bayyane shine cewa don kar ya faru, mafi kyawun ayyukan aiki dole ne koyaushe su kasance. Ya faru cewa ba koyaushe haka lamarin yake ba, don haka akwai babbar matsalar gurɓata maɓuɓɓuka na ƙarƙashin ƙasa.

Takardun rubuce-rubuce kan makamashin gas

Documentary Gasland

Akwai shirye-shirye da yawa inda za a iya samun adawa don yin rauni kamar Josh Fox's Gasland. A cikin wannan ya fallasa matsalolin gurɓataccen ruwa a kusa da hakar rijiyoyin a wurare kamar Pennsylvania, Wyoming da Colorado.

Abin ban dariya cewa ya kasance harabar masana'antar mai da gas ya yi tambaya ga waɗanda aka tattara a cikin fim ɗin Fox ta yadda gidan yanar gizon Gasland zai karyata ikirarin da kungiyar masu fafutuka tayi.

Wani fim mai ban sha'awa shine Promasar Alkawari., wanda Matt Damon ya gabatar akan batun karyewar ruwa. Har ila yau, a cikin 2013, an gabatar da Gasland 2, bangare na biyu na shirin fim wanda a ciki yake tabbatar da hotonsa na masana'antar iskar gas, inda aka gabatar da shi a matsayin mai tsafta da aminci ga mai, da gaske almara ce. Matsalar lokaci mai tsawo da gurɓatacciyar iska da ruwa a ƙarshe suna cutar da al'ummomin yankin kuma suna sanya yanayi cikin haɗari saboda hayaƙin methane, mai iska mai dumama yanayi.

Ana neman madadin makamashin gas

Hasken rana a matsayin madadin makamashin gas

Da wannan duka aka ce, da gas ba shi da tsabta Kamar yadda aka gwada shi ya nuna, amma a cikin aikinsa yana fitar da gurɓatattun abubuwa cikin yanayi, kamar yadda yake faruwa idan aka yi amfani da dabarun ɓarna.

Wannan shine dalilin da ya sa ya dace don sanin gaskiyar da ke kewaye da makamashin gas da ci gaba da matsawa sosai don sauran hanyoyin samar da makamashi masu tsafta da ɗorewa bisa lokaci kamar iska ko hasken rana, wanda anan ne dole ne mu tafi domin kiyaye wannan duniyar tamu cikin ƙoshin lafiya.

Duk waɗannan man fetur dangane da burbushin halittu babu makawa zai kai mu ga wancan taron kolin yanayi na Paris inda yawancin kasashe zasu nemi wasu shawarwari don sanyawa a shekara mai zuwa wanda ƙarfin sabuntawa yakamata ya zama babban makasudin.

Shin kana son sanin menene tukunyar gas da kuma yadda suke aiki? Kada ku rasa wannan labarin:

Labari mai dangantaka:
Duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da tukunyar gas

Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
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  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.

  1.   Diana Alvarez m

    Adriana Ina son labarinku kuma ina so in yi amfani da shi don rubutun na, shin za ku iya ba ni bayananku don yin la'akari da ku daidai da ranar da kuka buga wannan labarin. Godiya

  2.   Vicardiag m

    Sabbin abokan cinikin kamfanin Fracking a Chiapas, motocin bas da suke aiki da iskar gas, kuma kalilan ne suka san illar muhalli da take haifarwa a kasar, duk da cewa tana dauke da "ECO" da sunan ta. Rashin fashewar lantarki yana lalata yanayin ƙasarmu

  3.   ssslabb m

    Babbar matsala ga kungiyoyin kare muhalli a kasar nan ita ce ta rashin horon fasaha da kuma rashin karfin tunani a cikin dalilansu. Yana da mahimmanci kafin fuskantar dabara ko amfani da wata hanya, don sanin ta sosai, idan ba kamar yadda na fada a baya ba, hujjojin ba su da karfin tunani kuma saboda haka na kowane inganci.
    Muhawarar ta zama dole, al'umma dole ne su sani kuma ci gaban da ake samu a yanzu ba zai iya lalata ci gaban al'ummomi masu zuwa ba, amma jahilci da tsoro ba za su iya dakatar da ci gaban yanzu ba.
    Iskar gas lokacin da aka ƙone tana samar da 1/5 na hayaƙin CO2 wanda waɗanda ke samar da ƙona kwal, tabbas ba tsabtace 100% bane amma zaɓi ne mafi kyau.
    Karya ne cewa karyewar iskar gas ya zama dole don hakar iskar gas, yana iya faruwa ta wata hanya ta al'ada idan tafki ya ba shi damar, kuma an yi hakan har zuwa yanzu.
    A karshe, ana kokarin rage hayakin methane da ba a sarrafawa yayin samar da iskar gas gwargwadon iko, wannan abu ne mai sauki, idan kamfanin hakar kudi ya kashe makuddan kudade a kan samar da kyau, abu na karshe da yake so shi ne abin da bincikenku zai tsere maka. Duk da haka, wani lokacin ba za a iya guje masa ba, amma don rage wannan a cikin tsire-tsire masu samarwa akwai tocilan da ke ƙona methane da ke tserewa (mai cutarwa sosai kuma tare da tasirin greenhouse sau 8 ya fi na CO2 girma) zuwa CO2, tare da sakamako mai ƙarancin gurɓataccen yanayi.
    Dumamar yanayi matsala ce mai matukar gaske da za'a yi la'akari da shi, kuma dole ne a rage fitar da iska mai dumama yanayi zuwa yanayi gwargwadon iko. Da kaina, na yi imani da sauyawa zuwa ga al'umman da ke da ƙananan ƙananan ƙarancin gurɓataccen gurɓataccen abu har sai sun kai 0. Amma wannan a cikin gajeren lokaci yana da rikitarwa kuma yana da mahimmanci a zama mai tsauri a cikin muhawarar kuma la'akari da samfuran da suka fi ban sha'awa.
    gaisuwa

  4.   Carlos Fabian m

    Manuel Ramirez bari na fada muku cewa labarinku yana da kyau kwarai, na yi tunanin cewa gas "na dabi'a" da gaske bai gurbata amma yanzu na ga gaba daya ya bambanta, yana da zafi yadda ake sadaukar da ruwa, saboda wannan.
    Kuna da gaskiya game da makamashin iska, amma wannan ma yana da nasa tasirin saboda lokacin da suka sami dogon lokaci na hunturu wannan makamashin zai kare, yanzu ina so in tambaye ku wasu zaɓuɓɓukan da ba na ƙazantar da za mu iya amfani da su ba?

    1.    Manuel Ramirez m

      Godiya ga bayaninka Carlos!

  5.   maria morinigo m

    kula da muhalli shine kula da kanmu

  6.   Tattaunawa kan Ingantaccen Tattaunawa m

    Kyakkyawan jigo da kyakkyawar ma'ana ... duk abin da ke burbushi ba zai taɓa zama kore ba

  7.   Brayan m

    Gaskiya gas ne na gas amma ba shi da lahani (wannan shine tunanin mutane). Amma burbushin burbushin halittu wanda yake nufin ya lalace kuma ya gurɓace

  8.   Danilo Martinez Olivo. m

    Buga labarin yayi kyau sosai. Ina biyan kuɗi ga toan masu sha'awar "daga dangin jinsi", dangane da tasirin yanayi mai dumama yanayi da dumamar yanayi wanda ya shafe mu duka kuma a ƙarshe zai kashe mu kar mu dakatar da shi ta hanyan neman arziki wanda babu wanda zai ɗauka. kabari amma wannan eh zai bar shi a dawo, hadin gwiwar sa yana cutar da duniya. Wannan ya jagoranci ni don inganta wani aikin samar da lantarki a Jamhuriyar Dominica ba da daɗewa ba, daga faɗuwar ruwa ta ruwan Tekun Caribbean ta hanyar nauyi a matakin farko ta hanyar rami tare da ƙananan turɓaya masu hana cin hanci, kuma a mataki na biyu tare da adadin wannan ruwa ta hanyar hanyar zuwa cikin babban dakin inji na osmosis, wanda aka ajiye a cikin babban tafki zai samar da wancan matakin na biyu. Ruwan da aka samu wanda ya riga ya kai mita 44 a kasa da matakin teku (a kwarin La Bahía de Neiba) za'a wadata shi da masana'antu kuma za'a yi amfani dasu don ci da masana'antu da kuma sinadarin chlorides da sauran kayan da za'ayi amfani da su ta hanyar amfani da wutan lantarki kamar su zoben kwayoyin, da sauransu. .

  9.   Alexander ocampo m

    Ina so in san wanne daga cikin gas biyu, propane da na halitta, suke samar da mafi yawan iskar ƙona ƙasa lokacin da aka ƙone?
    Ina tambaya saboda koyaushe ina amfani da gas din propane na kwalba kuma kwanan nan na canza zuwa gas na gida.
    Tunda na canza zuwa iskar gas, na hango wani warin wuta wanda yake sanya ni jiri, wanda hakan bai faru ba lokacin da nake amfani da furotin. Na kara fahimtar cewa c. ba shi da ƙanshi ... wani zai taimake ni?

  10.   Joseph m

    Barka da safiya, za ku iya ba ni bayananku don in tura ku zuwa wani ɓangare na bincike na. Godiya

  11.   dakatar da shan taba tare da laser malaga m

    Blog mai ban sha'awa. Ina koyon wani abu daga kowane gidan yanar gizon kowace rana. Yana da ban sha'awa koyaushe don iya karanta abun cikin sauran marubuta. Ina so in yi amfani da wani abu daga sakonku a gidan yanar gizina, a zahiri zan bar hanyar haɗi, idan kun ƙyale ni. Godiya ga rabawa.

  12.   Luis Antonio Riao m

    Barka da yamma ina gudanar da bincike game da gurɓatar iskar gas kuma ina son labarinku kuna iya ba ni bayanan don nazarin binciken na.
    gracias

  13.   zaid m

    ok dick bai da amfani a wurina: v

  14.   MARITZA HALAYE m

    Manuel Ramírez labarinka a kan "makamashin gas na gas yana haifar da gurɓataccen yanayi" Ina so kuma ina so in yi amfani da shi don rubutun na, shin za ku iya ba ni bayananku don in ambata ku daidai da ranar da kuka buga wannan labarin. Godiya