Rarraba ruwa ta amfani da graphene nanorobots

Graphene

Jagorar filin maganaɗisu, ƙananan tubes na graphene iya adana narkakken karafa a cikin ruwa ƙazantu. Daga cikin damar da yawa na nanotechnology, wasu sun ba da damar samar da mu'ujizai wanda nan da 'yan shekaru kaɗan zai yiwu.

Wani rukuni na masu bincike na ƙasa da ƙasa ya tabbatar da cewa abubuwan nanorobots sun ruɗe da shi graphene zai iya lalata shi ruwa dauke da karafa masu nauyi. Wadannan ayyukan bincike sun nuna cewa zai yiwu a cire kashi 95% na gubar da ke cikin ruwa a cikin awa daya.

El yi Yana da ban sha'awa tunda dole ne a tuna cewa gurɓataccen ƙarfe kamar su mercury, cadmium da chromium, kuma ba kawai gubar ba, matsala ce ta gaske a cikin gurbata yanayi muhalli. Wannan na iya zuwa daga ayyukan masana'antu masu mahimmanci kamar ma'adinai, kera batir ko lantarki.

Don ba da amsa ga wannan ƙalubalen, masu bincike sun ƙirƙira abubuwa masu nauyin siliki wanda aka haɗa da yadudduka tare da ramuka. Launin ciki yana da bututun platinum wanda yake shafar ruwan da yake ciki. hydrogen peroxide. Waɗannan ƙananan ƙwayoyin oxygen suna fitowa a cikin bututun, kuma suna fitowa ta buɗewa.

An rufe bututun platinum da wani layin na nickel ƙarfin aiki, don haka bututu suna nuna hali kamar micro-maganadiso a motsi. Ta wannan hanyar, yana yiwuwa a jagorantar hanyoyin tafiya tare da taimakon fannonin maganadisu daban-daban. Layer na waje wanda ke kewaye da nickel Ana yin sa ne da graphene oxide kuma shine wanda ke iya ɗaukar gubar atom.

Amfani da campos magnetic Hakanan yana ba wa waɗannan microobjects damar yin ƙaura a cikin gurɓataccen ruwa kuma za a ciro su da zarar an kammala tattara ƙarfe. An bi da su tare da maganin acid, suna sakin gurɓatattun abubuwa kuma sun sake shiri don amfani dasu.

Sakamakon da aka samu ya nuna cewa ana iya amfani da hanyar don cire sauran karafa daga ruwa gurbata, kuma a farashi mai rahusa fiye da sauran dabarun da aka yi amfani da su har yanzu.


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