Duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da bioethanol

Green man fetur

Akwai man da aka samar daga halittar duniyar mu kuma, saboda haka, ana daukar su a matsayin mai na mai ko kuma wanda za'a iya sabunta shi. A wannan yanayin, zamuyi magana game da bioethanol.

Bioethanol nau'ikan biofuel ne cewa, ba kamar mai ba, ba burbushin burbushin halittu bane ya ɗauki miliyoyin shekaru kafin ya samu. Labari ne game da ma'adinan muhalli wanda zai iya maye gurbin mai kamar tushen makamashi. Idan kana son koyon duk abin da ya danganci bioethanol, ci gaba da karantawa 🙂

Manufa ta amfani da mai

albarkatun kasa don bioethanol

Amfani da man shuke-shuke yana da maƙasudi ɗaya: rage hayaki mai gurbata muhalli a cikin sararin samaniya. Gas na Gas yana iya riƙe zafi a cikin sararin samaniya da haɓaka matsakaicin yanayin duniya. Wannan lamarin yana haifar da canjin yanayin duniya tare da mummunan sakamako.

Amfani da kuzari ga ɗan adam babu makawa. Koyaya, wannan makamashi na iya zo daga sabuntawa da tsafta. A wannan yanayin, bioethanol ya zama man fetur don jigilar kayayyaki yana taimakawa rage iska mai gurɓataccen iska wanda ke hanzarta ɗumamar yanayi.

A gefe guda, yawan cin sa yana da ban sha'awa kwarai da gaske saboda ba kawai yana rage hayaki a cikin amfani ba, amma kuma yana rage shigo da danyen mai. Lokacin da ake amfani da bioethanol a matsayin mai, muna bayar da gudummawa ga ci gaban ayyukan noma da masana'antu, tare da haɓaka wadatar ƙasarmu. Kuma shine a cikin Spain muna da kamfani na farko na farko wanda aka kirkira don samar da bioethanol a matakin Turai.

Samun tsari

Shiri na bioethanol a dakunan gwaje-gwaje

Bioethanol, kamar yadda aka ambata a baya, yana tafiyar da ayyukan noma da masana'antu tun lokacin da aka samu ta fermentation na kwayoyin halitta da biomass wanda yake da wadataccen sinadarin carbohydrates (sugars, akasari). Waɗannan albarkatun kasa gabaɗaya sune: hatsi, abinci mai wadataccen sitaci, noman rake da fure.

Dogaro da nau'in kwayar halitta da ake amfani da ita don samar da bioethanol, ana iya samar da samfuran abubuwa daban-daban don masana'antar abinci da makamashi (saboda haka yana da ikon tuka waɗannan ɓangarorin samarwa). Bioethanol kuma ana kiranta bioalcohol.

Menene don?

Yin amfani da bioethanol don dumama gida

Yin amfani da bioethanol don dumama gida

Babban amfanin sa shine azaman maye gurbin mai. Galibi ana kiransa koren mai don rage hayakin da yake fitarwa. Yawanci ana maye gurbinsa da mai tunda yana da halin samun lambar octane mai girma. Don kaucewa canjin injin motar da kuma cewa baya wahala, zaka iya amfani da bioethanol tare da mai na 20%. Ta wannan hanyar, duk lokacin da muke buƙatar lita goma na mai, misali, za mu iya amfani da lita takwas na bioethanol da lita biyu kawai na mai.

Kodayake yana da ƙimar darajar kuzari fiye da mai, ana amfani dashi akai-akai don haɓaka lambar octane. Girman mai mai octane yana da, ƙimar da take bayarwa ga tuki kuma mafi ingancin aikinta. Saboda haka, gas mai octane 98 yayi tsada fiye da octane 95.

Ana amfani da Bioethanol a matsayin mai a Brazil, inda yiwuwar samun mai a gidajen mai ya zama ruwan dare gama gari. Wannan man fetur ba'a iyakance shi ne kawai don amfani da filin jigilar kaya ba, har ma Ana amfani dashi don dumama da amfanin gida.

Muhallin tasiri

Bioethanol samar da shuka

Kodayake ana cewa shine mai mai ƙarancin mai ko kuma koren kore, tasirinsa na muhalli yana haifar da takaddama tsakanin masu bada shawara da masu ƙyamar ra'ayi. Yayinda konewar ethanol ya haifar da ƙananan hayaki na CO2 idan aka kwatanta da mai da ake samu daga mai, bioethanol da za'a samar ya haɗa da amfani da kuzari.

Cin bioethanol a cikin motarku ba yana nufin cewa ba ku da hayaki, amma suna ƙasa. Koyaya, don samar da makamashin bioethanol shima ana buƙata, saboda haka kuma ana fitar da hayaki. Akwai karatun da ke nazarin dawo da makamashi (ERR) na bioethanol. Wato, yawan kuzarin da ya wajaba ga tsararsa idan aka kwatanta shi da makamashin da yake iya samarwa yayin amfani da shi. Idan bambancin yana da fa'ida kuma idan aka kwatanta shi da yawan hayakin da ake fitarwa, za'a iya ɗaukar bioethanol a matsayin mai mai ƙananan tasirin muhalli.

Bioethanol na iya samun tasiri a kansa farashin abinci da sare bishiyoyi, tunda ya dogara ne kacokan akan albarkatun da aka ambata a sama. Idan farashin bioethanol ya fi tsada, farashin abincin da yake jigilar su shima zai kasance.

Tsarin samarwa

Samar da bioethanol don gidajen mai da sufuri

Zamu ga mataki mataki yadda ake samar da bioethanol a cikin shuka. Dangane da nau'in albarkatun kasa da aka yi amfani da su, tsarin samarwa ya bambanta. Matakan da aka fi amfani dasu sune kamar haka:

  • Narkewa. A wannan tsarin, ana ƙara ruwa don daidaita adadin sukari da ake buƙata don cakuda ko adadin giya a cikin samfurin. Wannan matakin ya zama dole don kauce wa hana haɓakar yisti yayin aikin ferment.
  • Juyawa. A wannan tsarin, sitaci ko cellulose da ke cikin kayan abu ya canza zuwa sugars mai daɗi. Don wannan ya faru, dole ne kuyi amfani da malt ko ku yi amfani da hanyar magani da ake kira acid hydrolysis.
  • Ferment Wannan shine mataki na karshe don samar da bioethanol. Hanyar anaerobic ce inda ake yisti (wanda ya ƙunshi enzyme da ake kira invertase wanda yake aiki azaman mai haɓaka) yana taimakawa canza sugars cikin glucose da fructose. Wadannan, bi da bi, suna yin aiki tare da wani enzyme da ake kira Zymase da ethanol da carbon dioxide.

Amfanin bioethanol

mota tare da bioethanol a matsayin mai

Mafi mahimmancin fa'ida shine ya ƙunsa - samfurin sabuntawa, don haka babu damuwa game da ƙonawa na gaba. Kari akan hakan, yana taimakawa wajen raguwar man da ake samu yanzu da kuma rashin dogaro da su.

Hakanan yana da sauran fa'idodi kamar:

  • Lessasa gurɓata fiye da burbushin mai.
  • Fasaha da ake buƙata wajen samar da ita mai sauƙi ne, don haka kowace ƙasa a duniya na iya haɓaka ta.
  • Yana ƙona mai tsabta, yana samar da ƙaramin toshi da ƙasa da CO2.
  • Yana aiki ne azaman kayan daskarewa a cikin injuna, wanda ke inganta ingantaccen injin sanyi, kuma yana hana daskarewa.

Bioethanol dole ne a canza shi kaɗan kaɗan zuwa mai da ake amfani da shi a duniya don rage yawan amfani da mai da kuma dogaro da shi.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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