Babban mahimmancin ƙarfin iska

Girkawar injin nika

Don bincika mahimmancin makamashin iska a cikin ɓangaren makamashi na duniya, ya zama dole a yi la'akari da duk hanyoyin haɗin cikin sarkar cewa ana buƙatar yin lu'u-lu'u a cikin kambi, sanannen injin turbin hakan ya sanya gonakin iska, dabba ta fasaha na cigaban zamani.

Nan gaba zamuyi bayanin yadda wadannan gonakin iska suke aiki. Bayan da babban mahimmancin kuzarin da aka samar a gare su a rayuwarmu, kuma a matsayin madadin fiye da makomar gaba.

Aikin gona iska

Amfani da wani 1 MW injin turbin shigar a cikin gonar iska zai iya isa guji tan 2000 na carbon dioxide (CO2), idan an fitar da wutar lantarki ta hanyar tsire-tsire masu zafi.

Mashinan iska

Ta hanyar la'akari da duk hanyoyin da ke cikin sarkar, kuzari da kayan aikin da ake bukata duka don masana'antu Amma game da wargaza bututun iska, ana iya lura da cewa daidaiton kuzarin da yake ci yana da ban sha'awa.

Hakanan ana nazarin yanayin rayuwa na injinan iska. A 2,5 MW injin turbin, tare da rayuwa mai amfani na kimanin shekaru 20 a ƙarƙashin yanayin aiki na yau da kullun, yana iya samar har zuwa 3.000 MW kowace shekara, wanda ya isa amfani da shi Gidaje 1.000 zuwa 3.000 (ya dogara da amfani) a kowace shekara. An kiyasta rayuwar mai amfani da injin turbine tsakanin shekaru 20 zuwa 25.

Eolico Park

Kuna iya bambanta a "karami " injin turbin (daga fewan dubun watt har zuwa 10 KW) wanda ake amfani dashi don yin famfon ruwa ko samar da wutar lantarki a wasu kebabbun wuraren, daga cikin matattarar iska mafi karfi (daga 50 KW zuwa 5 MW) wanda aka haɗa da cibiyoyin sadarwar lantarki, waɗanda sune ake ci gaba da haɓaka. Wadannan gabaɗaya suna sake haɗuwa cikin abin da ake kira Eolico Park.

Gidan Minieolica

 

Kusan dukkanin injinan iska masu samar da lantarki kunshi rotor tare da ruwan wukake ko ruwan wukake wanda ke juyawa a kusa da wata hanya ta kwance. Wannan haɗe zuwa taron watsa kayan inji ko ninkawa kuma, a ƙarshe, zuwa a Injin wutar lantarki, dukansu suna cikin dandamalin da aka dakatar a saman hasumiyar.

Yana da mahimmanci a lura cewa tsawon ruwa Zai iya zama mai yanke shawara don samar da ƙari ko energyasa da ƙarfi ko hanzari, tunda ya fi girma da mafi girman yankin da aka share zai isa kuma tabbas zai samarda a ƙara makamashi.

Mahimmancin kuzarin iska

  • Masu hamayya da gonakin iska a kasashe masu arzikin masana'antu galibi suna jayayya game da gurbatar gani, amo da cewa samarwarta bai isa ya rufe bukatun makamashi ba. Da makamashin iska Ya kamata a yi la'akari da shi azaman sabon tushen makamashi, makamashi mai tsabta, haɓakawa da haɓakawa ga wasu nau'ikan samarwa.

Iska Sweden

  • Amma ga rashin jin daɗi cewa zai iya haifar, koyaushe zasu kasance da yawa ƙasa da waɗanda wasu nau'ikan kuzari ke haifarwa kamar, misali, kamar kwal ko makamashin nukiliya.

Coal shuka

  • Kada mu manta cewa kasancewa makamashi ne wanda iska ke samarwa, da motsin sa, yana da kuzari ne saboda haka baya gurbatarwa, kuma a lokacin ne ɗayan kuzari mafi tsafta Me zamu iya samu.

Kalubale na gaba shine sami arha, mara gurɓatuwa, sabuntawa da tushen tushen makamashi ga duka ƙasashen duniya (masu wahala tare da lobbies a can), wanda ke ba da damar sufuri, masana'antu da gidaje don rage dogaro da muke da shi a kan mai a yau, kuma da alama makamashin iska shine ɗayan mafi kyawun zaɓi a wannan batun.

Mafi girman gonar iska a Spain tana cikin El Andévalo (Huelva)

Gidan iska na Huelva

Spain, kasancewa kamar yadda yake a majagaba kuma kasa mai jagoranci a cikin amfani da makamashin iska, kodayake a cikin 'yan shekarun nan girke sabbin wuraren shakatawa ya tsaya. Kodayake, har yanzu muna iya alfahari da kasancewar mafi girman gonar iska a cikin Nahiyar Turai.

Haɗin El Andévalo ne, wanda tare da ta 292 MW Ikon kawai ya wuce filin shakatawa na Whitelee, a Scotland, wanda ya kai 322. Babban abin mamakin shine dukansu mallakar kamfani daya ne, kuma Sifen ne, Iberdrola Renovables, kuma dukkansu suna da turbin daga kamfanin Basque na Gamesa.

Lokacin da mallakar Andévalo 'yan shekarun baya, kamfanin ya inganta matsayinsa na shugaban makamashi ikon iska duka a cikin Andalusia, tare da 851 MW, da kuma cikin Spain, tare da 5.700 MW.

Ina Andévalo yake?

Tana tsakanin garuruwan Huelva na El Almendro, Alosno, San Silvestre da Puebla de Guzmán, a kudancin wannan lardin na Andalus. Hadadden, wanda ya fara gudu a cikin 2010Ya ƙunshi gonaki takwas na iska: Majal Alto (50 MW), Los Lirios (48 MW), El Saucito (30 MW), El Centenar (40 MW), La Tallisca (40 MW), La Retuerta (38 MW) , Las Cabezas (18 MW) da kuma Valdefuentes (28 MW).

Gabaɗaya, sama da aka ambata 292 MW, wanda ke ba da damar samar da wutar lantarki a kowace shekara daga wannan babbar masana'antar don samar da gidaje 140.000 kuma ana lissafin cewa yana guje wa fitarwa zuwa yanayi na komai kasa da 510.000 tons na CO2.

Ya kasance a cikin Fabrairu 2010 lokacin da Iberdrola Renovales ya mallaki dukkanin hadaddun. Cibiyar iska ta Los Lirios ita ce ta ƙarshe da ta samo, a cikin sayar da gonar iska da yarjejeniyar siye a Andalusia da aka sanya hannu tare da Gamesa. Aikin, wanda wani bangare ne na yarjejeniyar da kamfanonin biyu suka sanya wa hannu a 2005 don sayar da gonakin iska a Andalusia. Nasa Kudin ƙarshe ya wuce euro miliyan 320.


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  1.   ANA SPAIN m

    Ta yaya zai yiwu a ƙayyade inda a cikin yankin aka shigar da gonar iska?
    Menene dalilai masu ƙayyadewa don ƙirarta da girkawa?