Menene kuma yaya aikin makamashin zafin rana yake aiki

Solararfin hasken rana

Lokacin da muke magana game da makamashin hasken rana, abu na farko da muke tunani shine hasken rana. Wannan shine makamashin hasken rana na hoto, watakila mafi shaharar dukkanin kuzarin sabuntawa, tare da iska. Koyaya, akwai wani nau'in: makamashin zafin rana.

Idan kuna son sanin komai game da wannan nau'in makamashin hasken rana, daga abin da yake zuwa ga abin da yake amfani da shi, ta hanyar halayen sa, ci gaba da karanta 🙂

Menene makamashin zafin rana?

Menene makamashin zafin rana

Kamar yadda sunan ta ya nuna, nau'ine ne na sabuntawa da tsafta wanda ya kunshi amfani da karfi na rana dan samar da lantarki. Ba kamar bangarorin hasken rana da aka yi amfani da su a cikin makamashin photovoltaic don samar da wutar lantarki daga foton hasken da aka samo a cikin hasken rana, wannan makamashi yayi amfani da wannan hasken don dumama ruwa.

Idan hasken rana ya buge ruwan, sai ya dumama shi kuma za'a iya amfani da wannan ruwan mai zafi don amfani daban-daban. Don samun kyakkyawan ra'ayi, 20% na yawan kuzarin da ake amfani da shi na asibiti, ko otal ko kuma gida ya dace da amfani da ruwan zafi. Tare da makamashin zafin rana zamu iya zafafa ruwa da ƙarfin rana kuma muyi amfani da shi don haka, a wannan ɓangaren makamashi, ba lallai bane muyi amfani da burbushin halittu ko wani makamashi.

Tabbas kuna tunanin cewa ruwan koguna, tabkuna da wuraren tafki suna fuskantar iskar hasken rana kuma, amma, basa yin zafi. Kuma shine don cin gajiyar wannan hasken rana saka kayan aiki na musamman ya zama dole wanda ke taimakawa dumama ruwan saboda, daga baya, don amfani dasu.

Energyarfin zafin rana yana ba da gudummawa sosai don rage farashi, don haka adana kuzari da rage hayaƙin CO2 wanda ke haifar da ɗumamar yanayi da haifar da canjin yanayi.

Aka gyara shigarwar zafin jiki

Da zarar mun san mene ne makamashin zafin rana, dole ne mu sami abubuwan da ake buƙata don gina shigarwar rana wanda zai ba mu damar amfani da wannan albarkatun.

Kamawa

mai tara makamashin zafin rana

Abu na farko da shigarwa na irin wannan ya zama shine mai tarawa ko kuma hasken rana. Wannan rukunin hasken rana ba ya aiki iri ɗaya da sanannen hoto. Ba shi da kwayar hoto wacce ke tattara foton haske don canza su zuwa makamashi, amma dai kyale mu muyi amfani da hasken rana don fara dumama ruwan kewayawa a tsakanin su. Akwai nau'ikan masu tarawa kuma tare da bambance-bambance a cikin aikinsu.

Wurin lantarki

Wurin lantarki

Na biyu shine hanyar lantarki. Waɗannan su ne bututun da ke yin kewayon inda za mu jigilar ruwan dumi wanda zai kula da aikin da za mu yi. Yawancin lokaci ana rufe da'irar a mafi yawan kayan aiki. Saboda haka, akwai maganar hanya daya da'irori, daga panel, kuma dawo da da'irori, har zuwa panel. Kamar dai wannan da'irar wani nau'in tukunyar ruwa ne wanda ke taimakawa dumama wuri.

Mai musayar zafi

Su ke kula da jigilar zafi a cikin da'irar. Mai musayar zafi yana canza makamashin da rana ta kama zuwa ruwa. Yawancin lokaci suna waje da tanki (wanda ake kira masu musayar farantin) ko na ciki (nada).

Mai tarawa

mai tara wutar makamashin zafin rana

Tunda bukatar makamashin rana ba koyaushe iri ɗaya bane, kamar yadda yake a cikin photovoltaics, yana buƙata wasu tsarin adana makamashi. A wannan yanayin, ana adana makamashin zafin rana a cikin masu tarawa. Wannan matattarar tana sarrafa ruwan zafi domin samun sa a lokacin da muke bukata. Su tankuna ne waɗanda ke da ƙarfi da kuma rufin da ya dace don kauce wa asarar makamashi da kiyaye ruwan a kowane lokaci.

Yanayin fanfo

wurare dabam dabam farashinsa

Don ɗaukar ruwan daga wuri guda zuwa wani, ana buƙatar famfuna don shawo kan matsi na matsi na da'irori da ƙarfin gogayya da nauyi.

Aarfin taimako

Lokacin da ake samun karancin zafin rana, samar da wannan makamashi yana raguwa. Amma wannan ba shine dalilin da yasa buƙatar ta yi kyau ba. Idan aka fuskance mu da irin wannan yanayin wanda buƙata ta wuce wadata, za mu buƙaci tsarin tallafi wanda zai ɗumi ruwa kuma wannan shine kwata-kwata da tsarin hasken rana. Wannan ana kiransa janareto mai ajiyar ajiya.

Tukunyar jirgi ce da ke fara aiki a yanayin da makamashin zafin rana ba shi da kyau kuma ya zafin ruwan da aka adana.

Abubuwan Da Ake Bukata Don Tsaro

Yana da mahimmanci a sami tsarin tsaro don tabbatar da cewa shigarwa yana aiki cikin yanayi mafi kyau kuma baya taɓarɓarewar lokaci. Abubuwan da suka sanya tsarin tsaro sune:

Jirgin faɗaɗa

tabaran gilashi

Kamar yadda muka sani, kamar yadda ruwa yake kara zafinsa, hakanan kuma yana kara girmansa. A saboda wannan dalili, wani abu ya zama dole wanda zai iya ɗaukar wannan ƙarar a cikin ƙaruwa yayin da ruwa mai canzawar zafi ke faɗaɗa. Ana amfani da tasoshin faɗaɗa don wannan. Akwai tabarau iri daban-daban: buɗe da rufe. Mafi amfani dasu sune wadanda aka rufe.

Kariyar tsaro

Ana amfani da bawul don sarrafa matsa lamba. Lokacin da aka sami ƙimar matsa lamba da aka saita a cikin aikin gyaran, bawul ɗin yana fitar da ruwa don hana matsa lamba zuwa matakan da ke da haɗari.

Glycol

Glycol shine ingantaccen ruwa don jigilar zafin shigarwar zafin rana. Abinda ya fi dacewa shine ya kasance wani abu mai daskarewa tunda a wuraren da yanayin zafin jiki yayi ƙasa ƙwarai, daskarewa da ruwa a cikin da'irorin zai iya lalata aikin duka. Bugu da ƙari, ruwan dole ne ya zama ba mai guba ba, ba tafasa ba, ba lalatacce ba, yana da ƙarfin zafin nama, dole ne a ɓata shi kuma ya zama mai tattalin arziki. In ba haka ba, kuzarin ba zai zama da riba ba.

Abinda yakamata a girka wannan nau'in shine a sami kashi 60% na ruwa da 40% glycol.

Ruwan zafi

Tunda a lokuta da yawa ruwan yana zafafa fiye da kima, yana da mahimmanci a sami zafin rana wanda zai hana wannan dumama dumama hadari. Akwai tsayayyun zafin rana, magoya baya, da dai sauransu.

Tarkuna

atomatik lambatu

Tarkunan suna da ikon fitar da iskar da ke taruwa a cikin da'irar kuma hakan na iya haifar manyan matsaloli a cikin aikin shigarwa. Godiya ga waɗannan masu tsabtace wannan iska za'a iya fitarwa.

Atomatik iko

Wutar lantarki mai amfani da hasken rana

Abun ne yake sanya komai yayi aiki daidai, tunda yana dauke da sarrafawar atomatik wanda ke auna yanayin yanayin zafi a bangarori, tankuna, shirye-shirye, kunna na'urar wankan zafin lantarki (idan wannan tsarin ya wanzu), mai shiryawa, sarrafa famfo, da sauransu.

Tare da wannan bayanin zaka iya koyo game da makamashin zafin rana da aikace-aikacen sa.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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