Abubuwan da ke haifar da tasirin greenhouse

Sanadin tasirin greenhouse

Tasirin greenhouse siffa ce ta halitta ta yanayin duniyarmu don haka wani bangare ne na aikin halitta na rayuwar rayuwa. Koyaya, lokacin da wannan tasirin ya ƙaru kuma ya zama mafi girma fiye da tasirin yanayi, tasirin greenhouse na halitta ya daina wanzuwa kuma ya zama mara kyau, galibi saboda haɓaka ayyukan ɗan adam. Tsakanin Sanadin tasirin greenhouse korau, wanda ya fi fice shi ne karuwar hayakin da ake fitarwa daga tsarin makamashin mu. Ainihin, karuwar amfani da albarkatun mai da abubuwan da suka samo asali, iskar gas da kwal na taimakawa wajen fitar da wadannan iskar gas, wanda ke kara haifar da matsalar. Daga cikin illolin wannan al'amari mun sami karuwar zafin jiki da raguwar jinsuna. Abin farin ciki, akwai wasu abubuwa da za mu iya yi don gyara wannan matsala.

A saboda wannan dalili, za mu keɓe wannan labarin don gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da abubuwan da ke haifar da tasirin greenhouse da sakamakonsa.

Menene tasirin greenhouse

sakamakon dumamar yanayi

Tasirin greenhouse Tsarin halitta ne wanda ke faruwa a cikin yanayin duniya.. Tsarin yana farawa ne lokacin da makamashin hasken rana ya isa saman duniya, ya bi ta sararin samaniya, ya kuma zafi ƙasa ko geosphere, da ruwa mai zurfi ko hydrosphere. Zafin da ke fitowa daga saman duniyar nan yana tasowa, iskar gas na sararin samaniya ne ke da alhakin kiyaye wani bangare na makamashi a cikin yanayin zafi, sauran kuma ana mayar da su zuwa sararin samaniya ta hanyar yanayi. Ta wannan hanyar, rayuwa za ta iya wanzuwa a duniya kamar yadda muka sani saboda an kiyaye yanayin zafi mafi kyau a ƙarƙashin wasu yanayi.

Duk da haka, a cikin shekaru da yawa, tasirin ayyukan ɗan adam a duniya ya shafi wannan tsari, yana juya shi zuwa wani abu mara kyau. Wannan tsari na halitta yana da illa ga duniyar nan don haka ga duk rayuwar da ke cikinta. saboda gurbatar yanayi daga ayyukan dan Adam ya karu sosai a cikin ƙarnukan baya-bayan nan, musamman a shekarun baya-bayan nan, ya yi yawa har a wannan lokacin ana samun mummunan tasirin greenhouse.

Don haka, mu ’yan Adam muna gurɓata muhalli ta hanyar cika shi da iskar gas a cikin ayyukanmu na yau da kullun, kamar masana'antu, tuki, amfani da iska ko aikin noma mai zurfi da masana'antu. Suna tashi cikin sararin samaniya kuma ana kiyaye su, suna hana zafin da ke fitowa daga saman daga fitar da shi daidai da kiyaye shi ta hanyar yanayi, wanda shine ainihin abin da ke faruwa a cikin gine-ginen tsire-tsire, yana hanzarta karuwar zafin duniya.

Abubuwan da ke haifar da tasirin greenhouse

abubuwan da ke haifar da tasirin greenhouse na duniya

Kamar yadda muka ambata, dalilin mummunan tasirin greenhouse shine haɓaka ayyukan ɗan adam da ke fitowa daga gurɓatawa. wanda ke samar da iskar gas wanda ya rage a cikin yanayi kuma yana taimakawa wajen haɓaka yanayin zafi. Gabaɗaya, manyan abubuwan da ke haifar da matsalolin Layer ozone sune kamar haka:

  • Masana'antu masana'antu.
  • Aikin noma mai zurfi.
  • Yi amfani da feshi.
  • Rashin murmurewa da sake amfani da kayan.
  • Yana amfani da burbushin mai kuma da wuya yana amfani da makamashi mai sabuntawa.
  • Yawan amfani da wutar lantarki wanda baya zuwa daga hanyoyin da ake sabunta su.
  • Yin amfani da ababen hawa masu gurbata muhalli kamar motoci, bass, babura da jirage masu amfani da abubuwan da suka samo asali daga burbushin mai.
  • sare itatuwa.

Duk waɗannan ayyukan ɗan adam suna haifar da haɓakar iskar gas masu cutarwa waɗanda ke ba da gudummawa ga tasirin greenhouse.

Menene GHGs

iskar gas

Babban greenhouse gas tare da thermal insulation Properties ne kamar haka:

  • Ruwa tururi.
  • Methane (CH4).
  • Carbon dioxide (CO2).
  • Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs).
  • Ozone (O3).
  • Nitrous oxide (N2O).

tasiri da sakamakon

Tasirin matsalar akan Layer ozone a ƙarshe ya haifar da wayar da kan jama'a a duk faɗin duniya. Akwai bukatar fahimtar da kuma fadakar da wasu, musamman ta hanyar ilmantar da yara, game da tasiri da fahimtar tasirin greenhouse, da kuma Muhimmancinsa a cikin rayuwar bil'adama da sauran nau'ikan tsirrai da dabbobi. Waɗannan su ne sakamakon wannan matsalar yanayi:

  • Yanayin zafin duniya ya karu sosai.
  • Tasirin hasken rana yana ƙaruwa.
  • Canjin yanayi.
  • Tasirin yanayi da sauyin yanayi akan yanayin muhalli.
  • Fari ya yi kamari a wuraren da ake yawan samun ruwan sama.
  • Za a sami karin ruwan sama da guguwa a wuraren da ba kasafai ake jika da ruwan sama ba.
  • Zaizayar kasa, asarar haihuwa ga noma.
  • Narkar da kwandon kankara da glaciers, irin su shahararren Galenland narke.
  • Hawan ruwa a cikin tekuna, tekuna, koguna, tafkuna, tafkuna, da dai sauransu.
  • Ambaliyar ruwa na faruwa a yankunan da ke gabar teku saboda karuwar ruwan.

Matsaloli mai yiwuwa

A ƙarshe, za mu yi sharhi game da abin da mafita ya kasance a kan tasirin greenhouse, tun da yake wajibi ne a yi duk abin da zai yiwu don dakatar da karuwa da rage yawan iskar gas mai cutarwa. Sabili da haka, a matsayin ma'auni don rage tasirin greenhouse da hana karuwa da tsanani, zamu iya bin waɗannan shawarwari:

  • Rage hayaki mai gurbata yanayi kamar CO2 da CH4.
  • Yi amfani da hanyoyin makamashi masu sabuntawa don maye gurbin burbushin mai, abubuwan da suka samo asali, iskar gas da kwal.
  • Yi amfani da zirga-zirgar jama'a da sauran hanyoyin sufuri marasa ƙazanta, kamar kekuna ko wasu hanyoyin sufuri na muhalli.
  • Haɓaka wayar da kan jama'a game da muhalli a tsakanin 'yan ƙasa kuma, mafi mahimmanci, sanya wannan ilimin a cikin yara da koya musu abin da za su iya yi don inganta matsalar.
  • Rage cin nama don haka rage amfani da dabbobi masu tasowa da masana'antu, fifita dabbobin da aka canza ta hanyar kwayoyin halitta da sauran dabbobin da suka fi mutunta muhalli.
  • Gwamnatoci na da hannu wajen daukar matakan rage wannan matsala da hana karuwar tasirin greenhouse da sauyin yanayi. Misalin waɗannan matakan shine Kyoto Protocol.
  • Ci gaba da binciken yuwuwar ingantawa da suka shafi lamuran muhalli.
  • Maimaita kuma gudanar da aiki yadda ya kamata. A cikin wannan jagorar sake amfani da ita mun bayyana yadda ake sake sarrafa sharar gida.
  • Kada ku ɓata makamashi, kamar wutar lantarki a gidanku.
  • Ku ci samfuran halitta.
  • Mummunan lalacewa ga nau'in shuka da dabbobi saboda sauyi a yanayin muhallin duniya.
  • Hijira na dabbobi da mutane.

Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin za ku iya ƙarin koyo game da abubuwan da ke haifar da tasirin greenhouse da halayensa.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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