Sabuntattun abubuwa suna samar da sama da kashi 80% na makamashi a cikin Nicaragua

Iska mai ƙarfi ScotlandGenerationarfin wutar lantarki tare da sabbin hanyoyin sabuntawa a Nicaragua ya kusan 53% na jimillar, amma a wannan shekara, a cewar Ministan Makamashi da Ma'adanai (MEN) Salvador Mansell, akwai wasu kwanaki da yawa waɗanda waɗannan kafofin suka ba da hanyar sadarwar Hannu a 84% na makamashin da ake amfani da shi a kasar.

Wannan yana nufin, a cewar gwamnati, babbar damar da kasar ke da ita tsabta kuzari. Ministan na MEN ya yi sharhi cewa a cikin watanni kamar Nuwamba, Afrilu ko Maris, lokacin da ƙasa ke da iska mai ƙarfi, duk gonakin iska suna aiki a 100%, ban da gudummawar shuke-shuke masu samar da lantarki, ƙarni ya kai kusan 84% tare da sabbin hanyoyin sabuntawa.

Mansell ya kara da cewa “Lokacin da yanayi ya kasance mafi kyau ga hanyoyin sabuntawa da zasu iya samarwa, ana fifita su a ayyukan yau da kullun na tsarin mahimmanci a cikin gudanar da kasuwa. A kasar muna amfani da mafi yawan albarkatun kasa ”.

Masana’antar iska

A zahiri, Mansell bai yanke hukunci ba cewa wannan shekara akwai ranakun da zai yiwu a sami haɓaka sama da kashi 85% na ƙarni tare da tushe masu tsabta, kodayake ya nace cewa dole ne a cika da yawa. yanayin canjin yanayi don isa wannan sabon rikodin. Kari akan haka, a cikin shekarar 2017 an bude sabon shuka mai karfin megawatt 12 a bangaren Puerto Sandino.

Hasken rana

A cewar gwamnatin: “Muna da zafin rana, amma don tallafawa ne, lokacin da matsala, lokacin da babu iska, babu ruwan sama, akwai matsaloli a bangaren hasken rana, to muna da madadin thermal don ci gaba da ba da makamashi ga jama'a ".

An rufe 2016 a 53% tsararraki tsara tare da sabbin hanyoyin sabuntawa kuma burin cibiyoyin shine kara wannan adadi.

Tunanin Duniya

A zahiri, Nicaragua ya ci gaba da zama misali na samar da makamashin lantarki tare da sabbin hanyoyin sabuntawa. Kwanan nan, kafuwar Tsarin Haƙiƙan Yanayin - wanda aka kafa a 2006 ta tsohon Mataimakin Shugaban Amurka, Al Gore - ya amince da ƙasar a matsayin na al'ummai uku, tare da Sweden da Costa Rica, waɗanda ke saita hanyar da za a bi a wannan fanni a duk duniya, wanda shine babbar hanyar rage hayaƙin hayaki mai gurbata yanayi.

Kuma ba don ƙasa ba. Kashi 27.5% wanda ya wakilci ƙarni na sabunta makamashi a 2007, ya tafi zuwa 52% a 2014, da 53% a 2016. Babban burin Gwamnatin shine a cimma 90% a cikin 2020, tare da ayyukan saka hannun jari na jama'a, masu zaman kansu da na haɗin gwiwa. Tsakanin 2007 da 2013 kadai, ayyukan iska, da na biomass, da na lantarki da na hasken rana sun samar da karin megawatts 180 ga layin rarraba wutar lantarki na kasa, wanda ke da bukatar megawatt 550 a kowace rana.

biomass

Energyarfin iska a Nicaragua

Kamar yadda aka ambata a sama, Tsarin Haɗin Kai na Kasa (SIN) ya rubuta cewa a cikin 2016, yawan wutar lantarki tare da hanyoyin sabuntawa ya kai 53%. Da iska shuke-shuke sun wakilci kashi 31%, shuke-shuke da ke samar da ruwa kashi 28.6%, shuke-shuke masu samar da ruwa 26.8% da injin sukari 13.6%.

Dangane da makamashin iska, ayyukan da suka fi wakilci a kasar sune Amayo I da II wadanda suke a sashen Rivas kuma hadaddiyar kungiyar Kanada Amayo SA ce ke jagorantar, wacce ke samar da kimanin megawatts 63.

Gina sassan injin turbin iska

A wannan shekara, gudummawar da photovoltaic shuka wanda ke cikin Puerto Sandino, a halin yanzu shi kaɗai ke samar da makamashin hasken rana don cibiyar sadarwar ƙasar.

A zahiri, makamashin hasken rana yana nan sosai a cikin ƙasa, amma ƙari ne ga ɗayan ƙarni.

cin kai

A ƙarshen wannan shekarar, gwamnati na da niyyar cimma kashi 94% na wutar lantarki a cikin ƙasa. Mansell ya ce "Dangane da tsare-tsare da tsare-tsaren da aka bunkasa, burinmu shi ne kaiwa kashi 2021% na wutar lantarki nan da shekarar 99," in ji Mansell.

Bambancin tushe

Hasasar tana da Tumarín hydroelectric macroproject, wanda ke ci gaba a cikin kudancin Caribbean na Nicaragua, bisa ga tsinkaya zai samar da megawatt 253, da zarar ta fara ayyukanta a karshen 2019.

César Zamora, manajan kasar na kamfanin makamashi na IC Power, ya nuna kudurin Nicaragua ga tsabtace makamashi ya zama mafita ga rikicin na karancin wutar lantarki da kasar ta fuskanta kafin 2007.

“An gabatar da Dokar Inganta samar da wutar lantarki tare da Majiyoyin sabuntawa kuma tare da sabuwar Gwamnati (2007, Daniel Ortega) ta fara tattaunawa da wakilan bangaren makamashi da Cosep (Superior Council of Private Enterprise) don tsara yadda za a fita daga wannan rikicin, "ya tuna.

Zamora ya ambata cewa zai yiwu a sanya karfin megawatt 180 na iska a cikin hanyar sadarwar, megawatts 70 na makamashin geothermal daga hadadden San Jacinto-Tizate, megawatts 50 na wutar lantarki daga ayyukan Larreyaga (jiha), Hidropantasma da El Diamante, waɗanda suka fara aiki a watan Disambar da ta gabata, yayin da a ciki biomass Wata shuka mai karfin megawatts 30 da matatun sukari na Santa Rosa da San Antonio, mai karfin megawatts 80 a tsakanin su, sun fara aiki.

Sabunta makamashi a cikin Nicaragua

Ƙasashen waje

Ga Jahosca López, mai kula da ofishin Associationungiyar Sabunta Nicaraguan, babban haɓakar ƙasar a wannan ɓangaren saboda manufofin da Gwamnati ke haɓaka don ƙarfafawa saka hannun jari na kasa da na waje, musamman Doka don Inganta wutar lantarki tare da Maɓuɓɓatun Sabuntawa.

A watan Yunin 2015, ya ce Majalisar Dokokin Kasar ta yi kwaskwarima kan dokar domin kara karfin gwiwa ga sabbin ayyukan samar da makamashi mai tsawan shekaru uku.

Daya daga cikin hujjojin da ‘yan majalisun suka bayar a wancan lokacin shi ne cewa yayin da kasar ke sauya matattarar makamashinta an rage kudin wutar lantarki.

Mai gudanarwa ya kuma nuna cewa ci gaban fasaha ya yi tasiri, wanda ya ba da izinin kirkira da aiwatar da ayyukan a cikin mafi inganci, ban da inganta ci gaban zamantakewar wasu al'ummomin tare da kula da muhalli.


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