Ostiraliya ta kawar da farashi ga masu sabuntawa don rage lissafin wutar lantarki

LPP abu don hasken rana

Gwamnatin Ostiraliya ta sanar da cewa, za a fara biyan kudin fito ga bangaren makamashi mai sabuntawa za'a share shi, a zaman wani bangare na shirin samar da makamashi da nufin rage haraji da kuma tabbatar da samar da "tattalin arziki" ga kamfanoni da daidaikun mutane.

Maimakon agajin da ake bayarwa a yanzu, zai fara wani shiri da ake kira "Garantin Makamashi na Kasa" don karfafa masu rarrabawa a bangaren saya tushe load iko, ban da yin amfani da mafi yawan ƙarfin da ba ya gurɓata kowace shekara.

Matakin, wanda ya dogara da shawarwarin Hukumar Tsaron Makamashi, zai samar da "wutar lantarki mafi arha kuma abin dogaro, yayin da zai ba mu damar yin aiki da wajibai na duniya«, Ya tabbatar wa da Ministan Makamashi, John Frydenberg da Firayim Minista, Malcolm Turnbull.

A cewar 'yan adawar, aiki ne «bayyanannu»Kafin bangarorin masu ra'ayin mazan jiya na gamayyar gwamnatocin, zai kawar da kudaden da ake kashewa na kuzarin kuzari zuwa shekarar 2020, la'akari da cewa wannan bangare zai iya yin gasa a cikin kasuwar kyauta.

makamashin hasken rana da farashin haske

A cewar gwamnatin: «Manufa ce ingantacciya, mai talla-da kasuwa ce wacce ke haifar da farashin lantarki mai rahusa Yana nufin cewa ba za a sami tallafi ba, ba haraji ko tsarin musaya.

Shawarar ta kunshi bin shawarwarin da babban masanin kimiyyar Gwamnatin Ostiraliya, Alan Finkel, ya bayar watanni hudu da suka gabata, don sauya mulki da za a yi neat don amfani da kuzarin sabuntawa ta yadda nan da shekarar 2030 zasu samar da sama da kashi 42 na yawan kuzarin.

makamashin hasken rana yana ragewa ta gurbacewar yanayi

A cewar bayanan da manazarta suka yi wa tashoshin talabijin daban-daban, da shirin gwamnati yana ɗaukar cewa sabuntawar zata wakilci ƙasa da kashi 40 cikin ɗari na wannan shekarar.

Gwamnatin hadakar kungiyoyin masu ra'ayin mazan jiya, wadanda suka hada da masu ba da shawara kan masana'antar kwal da masu shakkar canjin yanayi, ta tabbatar da gidajen zai adana kowace shekara har zuwa AU $ 115 (US $ 90,22 ko € 76,50) tsakanin 2020 da 2030.

Coal shuka

Kamar Spain, farashin wutar lantarki ya ƙaru da fiye da kashi 60 cikin ɗari a cikin shekaru 10 da suka gabata a Australia

Shugaban jam'iyyar Labour Party, Bill Shorten, ya zargi Turnbull da mika wuya ga bukatun tsohon Firayim Minista Tony Abbott, wanda ya ba da kansa a matsayin m ta fuskar canjin yanayi.

Kakakin Kwadago kan makamashi mai sabuntawa, Mark Butler ya tabbatar da cewa shirin Gwamnati “zai halakar makamashi mai sabuntawa da dubunnan ayyuka a wannan masana'antar. Ya kuma kara da cewa jam'iyyarsa tana son makamashi mai tsafta ya wakilci kashi 50 na yawan amfani da makamashi nan da shekarar 2030.

Kalubalen sabunta makamashi

A nasa bangaren, lamba daya daga cikin Green Party, Richard di Natale, ya yi la’akari da cewa sanarwar za ta hana Ostiraliya cimma manufofin tashe a cikin Yarjejeniyar Paris.

Kodayake, Ostiraliya ta ba da sanarwar shekaru biyu da suka gabata cewa burinta shi ne yanke hayaki mai gurbata yanayi nan da shekarar 2030 tsakanin a 26 da 28 bisa dari kasa da matakan 2005.

Abin baƙin cikin shine, a yau, fiye da kashi 85 cikin ɗari na yawan kuzarin da ake amfani da shi a Ostiraliya ya fito ne burbushin mai, yafi daga kwal. Yawancin masana kimiyya sunyi imanin cewa ya kamata a rage shi don taimakawa rage tasirin sauyin yanayi.

Masana'antar kwal ta Australia

Sa'ar al'amarin shine, ingantaccen ingantaccen aiki na abubuwan sabuntawa zai taimaka wa masu saka hannun jari masu zaman kansu don saka jari a cikinsu, babban misali shine Port Augusta mai amfani da hasken rana.

Za a gina babbar tashar samar da zafin rana mafi girma a duniya a Ostiraliya

Rarfin wutar lantarki

Gwamnatin Ostiraliya ta amince da gina babbar tashar samar da zafin rana a duniya. Wannan zai sami karfin megawatt 150 kuma za'a gina shi a Port Augusta, a Kudancin Ostiraliya.

Shuka zata ci kudi Dala miliyan 650 na Australiya (dalar Amurka miliyan 510), Zai samar da guraben aikin gine-gine kusan 650 ga ma’aikatan yankin, a cewar masu tasowa, da zummar rufe dukkan bukatun wutar lantarki ga gwamnatin jihar. Za a fara aiki a shekara mai zuwa kuma an tsara za a kammala shi a cikin 2020.

SolarReserve, wanda ke California, shine kamfanin da ke kula da shi na gina. Hakanan kamfanin na Amurka yana bayan masana'antar Crescent Dunes CSP mai karfin 110-megawatt a Nevada.

Tsarin tsire-tsire

Tsirrai masu daukar hoto masu sarrafa hasken rana suna canza hasken rana kai tsaye zuwa wutar lantarki, don haka suna bukatar batura don adana makamashi mai yawa lokacin da Rana bata haskakawa; tsire-tsire masu amfani da zafin rana, a nasu ɓangaren, suna amfani da shi madubai don tattara hasken rana akan tsarin dumama.

Megaproject

A cewar masana daban-daban, kamar su farfesa na Jami'ar (asa ta Australiya, Matta hannun jari: "Daya daga cikin manyan kalubalen makamashi mai zafi azaman kayan aikin ajiya shine kawai zai iya adana zafi".

"Thermal hanya ce mai rahusa wacce take adana makamashi fiye da amfani da batura"in ji farfesa na injiniyan ci gaba na makamashi Wasim Saman, daga Jami'ar Kudancin Ostiraliya.


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