Me yasa kudin wutar lantarki ke ci gaba da karuwa a Spain

haske yana ƙara tsada

Muna biyan kuɗi da ƙari kowane lokaci. Farashin wutar lantarki a Spain baya daina tashi akai-akai. Kafin mu sami takardar kudi a farashi na yau da kullun kuma ba mu damu sosai game da amfani da kullun ba. Koyaya, ceton yau ya zama dole gaba ɗaya. Mutane da yawa suna mamaki Me yasa lissafin wutar lantarki a Spain ke ci gaba da hauhawa?

Saboda haka, za mu bayyana muku dalilan da ya sa lissafin wutar lantarki a Spain ya ci gaba da karuwa da kuma abin da farashin wutar lantarki ya dogara da shi.

Menene farashin wutar lantarki ya dogara da shi?

Me yasa lissafin wutar lantarki a Spain ke ci gaba da tashi?

Akwai dalilai da yawa da ke sa farashin wutar lantarki ya karu kuma kowanne yana da tasiri daban-daban akan adadin da za a caje ku kowane wata. Koyaya, waɗannan abubuwan gabaɗaya ana iya tattara su zuwa manyan rukunai huɗu. Na farko shine hauhawar farashin iskar gas, sannan kuma karuwar farashin hayakin CO2. Wani kuma shine karuwar bukatar masu amfani da kuma, a karshe, tasirin makamashin da ake iya sabuntawa akan samar da wutar lantarki.

Akwai abubuwa da yawa da ke haifar da hauhawar farashin wutar lantarki. Wadannan sun hada da, amma ba'a iyakance ga, farashin man fetur da ake amfani da su don samar da wutar lantarki, karuwar buƙatun wutar lantarki, buƙatar kulawa da haɓaka kayan aikin tsufa, da dokokin gwamnati da haraji.

Ana iya danganta haɓakar farashin wutar lantarki zuwa abubuwa da yawa, gami da hauhawar farashin iskar gas, ƙara yawan buƙatun mabukaci, farashin hayaƙin CO2 da tasirin hanyoyin makamashi masu sabuntawa a cikin farashin ƙarshe. Koyaya, wasu dalilai sun fi wasu mahimmanci. Yana da mahimmanci a fahimci cewa waɗannan abubuwan ba kawai tasiri farashin wutar lantarki a Spain ba, har ma a cikin sauran Turai.

Me yasa kudin wutar lantarki ke ci gaba da karuwa a Spain

Me yasa lissafin wutar lantarki ke ci gaba da hauhawa a Spain?

Akwai abubuwa masu mahimmanci da yawa waɗanda ke haifar da haɓakar lissafin wutar lantarki. Wadannan dalilai sune kamar haka:

  • Farashin albarkatun kasa, musamman iskar gas, yana da tasiri kai tsaye kan farashin wutar lantarki. A matsayinsa na daya daga cikin abubuwan da ake amfani da su wajen samar da wutar lantarki, duk wani karin farashin iskar gas zai haifar da hauhawar farashin samar da kayan masarufi, wanda hakan zai haifar da hauhawar farashin wutar lantarki a kasuwannin hada-hada.
  • Rikicin baya-bayan nan tsakanin Rasha da Ukraine An fassara zuwa wani gagarumin karuwar farashin iskar gas, wanda ya kai farashin sama da Yuro 200/MWh a kasuwar iskar gas ta Turai, da kuma Mibgas na Spain, farashin sama da Yuro 360. Waɗannan haɓakar farashin sun zo daidai da rikodin farashin wutar lantarki da aka rubuta a watan Agusta. Duk da haka, hangen nesa na yanzu ya fi matsakaici, tare da farashin Mibgas yana tafiya kusan Yuro 100 a kowace MWh. Koyaya, yayin da muke kusanci lokacin hunturu, akwai yuwuwar farashin zai sake tashi.
  • Amfanin wutar lantarki a cikin na'urori kamar kwandishan ko dumama Yana ƙaruwa lokacin da kwatsam canje-canje a yanayin zafi ya faru, ko haɓakawa da sauri ko raguwa. Sakamakon haka, masu rarraba makamashi suna fuskantar ƙarin buƙatu kuma dole ne su samar da ƙarin wutar lantarki, wanda ke haifar da ƙarin farashin samarwa. Wannan karuwar buƙatar ba ta iyakance ga takamaiman lokuta ba, kamar lokacin zafi ko raƙuman sanyi, amma kuma yana iya faruwa a cikin rana ɗaya. Yawanci, bukatar wutar lantarki ta fi yawa bayan karfe 8:00 na dare, wanda hakan ya sa wannan lokacin ya fi tsada idan aka kwatanta da safiya.
  • A wannan lokacin kaka an yi karuwar samar da iska, wanda ya zo daidai da yanayi mai kyau na ajiyar iskar gas da ƙarancin buƙata. Wannan shi ne godiya ga yanayin bazara wanda ya ci gaba har zuwa Nuwamba a cikin Iberian Peninsula. Duk da haka, yayin da yanayin ya fara yin sanyi, ana sa ran bukatar gas da wutar lantarki za su karu, wanda ya haifar da tashin farashin sake.
  • Tashar wutar lantarki da ke amfani da iskar gas da kwal dole ne biya kuɗi don fitar da CO2. Wannan kuɗin yana ƙaruwa tare da farashin hayaƙin CO2, wanda ke haifar da ƙarin kashe kuɗi na samarwa don janareta. Farashin iskar CO2 ya tashi, kamar yadda farashin iskar gas ya yi, tare da samun sabbin bayanai a cikin 'yan watannin nan. A watan Fabrairun 2022, farashin ya kai Yuro 90 kan kowace tan, amma tun daga lokacin ya fadi. Matsakaicin farashi na 2022 shine Yuro 80.
  • Sabunta kuzari, kasancewa mafi kyawun zaɓi don samar da wutar lantarki, Yawancin lokaci suna da ƙaramin taimako zuwa farashi na ƙarshe. Hakan ya faru ne saboda yadda kasuwar wutar lantarki da aka kayyade ke aiki. Abubuwan da aka sabunta na makamashi sune farkon waɗanda za a yi la'akari da su a cikin tsarin farashi, don haka ba su da tasiri sosai lokacin yanke shawarar farashin ƙarshe. A cikin yanayin da ake rashin iska ko ruwan sama, masu sayar da makamashin da suka dogara da waɗannan kafofin na iya samun raguwar buƙatu, wanda ke haifar da ƙarancin tasiri akan farashin.

Dokokin gwamnati akan farashin wutar lantarki

farashin wutar lantarki

Tun daga watan Yunin 2021, Gwamnati ta ɗauki matakai daban-daban don rage tasirin hauhawar farashin wutar lantarki da gas. Ma'aunin nasara mafi nasara shine ƙuntata farashin gas, wanda An aiwatar da shi a ranar 14 ga Yuni kuma zai ci gaba da aiki har zuwa 31 ga Mayu, 2023. Bugu da kari, gwamnati ta amince da wasu matakan da suka hada da inganta rangwamen kudi da fadada inshorar zamantakewar wutar lantarki. Bonus shirin, wanda kuma ya kara zuwa thermal kari. Bugu da kari, an kuma baiwa rage haraji kamar rage harajin VAT akan wutar lantarki.

Ƙayyadadden farashin iskar gas wani ma'auni ne na wucin gadi da Spain da Portugal tare da Hukumar Tarayyar Turai suka amince da shi kuma zai ɗauki tsawon watanni 12. Wannan ma'auni, wanda aka fi sani da "bangaren Iberian", musamman yana iyakance farashin iskar gas da ake amfani da shi don samar da wutar lantarki kewayon tsakanin Yuro 40 zuwa 50 a kowace megawatt-awa.

Kyautar zamantakewa ta sami ci gaba, musamman game da faɗaɗa masu cin gajiyar sa da kuma samun ragi. Wadanda ake la'akari da masu rauni suna da zaɓi na sami raguwar 65% akan lissafin ku, wanda zai iya ƙaruwa zuwa 80% a cikin yanayin rashin ƙarfi.. An kuma kafa wani sabon nau'i ga gidaje masu karamin karfi da manya biyu da kanana biyu wadanda ke samun kasa da Yuro 28.000 a kowace shekara, wadanda za su iya samun rangwamen kashi 40% kan lissafinsu.

Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin za ku iya ƙarin koyo game da dalilin da yasa lissafin wutar lantarki a Spain ke ci gaba da hauhawa.


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