Galicia na son jagorantar samar da makamashi mai sabuntawa a Spain

spain makamashi spain

Mista Alberto Núñez Feijóo, shugaban Xunta gamsu cewa Galicia, "mai yiwuwa tare da Castilla y León", za su sake jagorantar samar da makamashi mai sabuntawa a cikin shekaru masu zuwa.

A halin yanzu, game da bangaren iska, hanyar taswirar Xunta de Galicia tana tunanin wannan a cikin 2020 suna aiki kusa da 4GW na wuta.

Manufar ita ce isa ga megawatt 6.000 a cikin shekaru goma masu zuwa, godiya ga kayan aikin da sabuwar Dokar Aiwatar da Kasuwanci ta samar. A cewar Xunta, hakan na nufin a kafin da bayan ga duk waɗanda suke son saka hannun jari a Galicia, a fagen sabunta abubuwa amma har ila yau a wasu ɓangarorin tattalin arzikinmu masu ci gaba.

Daga cikin sabbin abubuwan da ake tunani a cikin wannan dokar, shugaban yankin ya bayyana cewa yana kafa adadi don bambance ayyukan ayyukan masana'antu da ake ganin su ne sha'awa ta musamman ga al'umma. Ta wannan hanyar, ana ƙoƙari don haɓaka ƙwarewar gudanarwa a cikin aikin.

A gaskiya ma, jimlar wuraren shakatawa guda 18 tuni aka ayyana su a matsayin ayyuka na masu sha'awa ta musamman, wanda 12 an riga an ba da izini. A ƙarshe, abin da muke son kamfanoni su ci akan Galicia, ya ƙara da shugaban yankin, ban da nuna hakan Enarfin sabuntawa suna bayar da kusan kashi 90% na wutar da Galicians ke cinyewa, yayin wakiltar kashi 4,3% na GDP ɗin ƙasar.

Mashinan iska

Wani sabon abu da Dokar Kasuwanci ta gabatar shi ne ƙirƙirar Oktoba ta ƙarshe na rajistar iska ta Galician, inda tuni an rubuta buƙata don zartar da megawatts 1,126.

Malpica iska

Mista Feijoo, ya yi amfani da damar ziyarar tasa ya sanya gonar iska ta Malpica a matsayin misali na aikin da ya kunshi "sadaukarwa sau uku": muhalli, birni - tunda tana ba da damar samar da aikin yi a majalisun yankin - kuma, a karshe, ya tabbatar sadaukarwar Gwamnati don sabuntawa, kasancewa wurin shakatawa na biyu da aka sake bashi iko a yankin.

Girkawar injin nika

Inganta zuwa wasu kuzari masu sabuntawa

Ba wai kawai karfin iska yake da mahimmanci ba, Xunta yana kuma kokarin inganta wasu makamashi masu sabuntawa. A zahiri, a cikin Galicia akwai kyakkyawan tsarin ruwan sama kuma, sabili da haka, hasken rana ba shi da inganci sosai, ya gabatar da dabarun inganta makamashin biomass. Sakamakon daidaito shine Zuwa karshen shekarar 2017, za a tallafawa sanya matatun mai sama da dubu hudu a cikin gidaje.

Dabarar bunkasa Biomass

Tare da layin kasafi na Yuro miliyan 3,3, Xunta de Galicia yana so ya inganta shigar da tukunyar jirgi don inganta samar da makamashi mai sabuntawa da rage hayaki mai gurbata muhalli a cikin fiye da gwamnatocin jama'a na 200, kungiyoyi masu zaman kansu da kamfanonin Galician.

An kirga cewa amfanin ajiyar da duk waɗanda suka ci gajiyar wannan Dabarar za su iya kaiwa euro miliyan 3,2 a cikin kuɗin makamashi na shekara-shekara, ban da lita miliyan 8 na dizal. Wannan zai taimaka wajen rage tan 24000 na CO2 zuwa sararin samaniya.

Hydroelectric

Iberdrola ya kammala a bara fadada mafi girman rukunin samar da wutar lantarki a Galicia, bayan ƙaddamar da sabon kamfanin San Pedro II, ƙaddamar da shugaban kamfanin wutar lantarki, Ignacio Galán, da shugaban Xunta de Galicia, a cikin Sil Basin, a Nogueira de Ramuín (Ourense).

Theaddamar da wannan ginin ya ƙunshi faɗaɗa Santo Estevo-San Pedro hadadden wutar lantarki, wanda aka aiwatar tun shekarar 2008 kuma a kusa da 200 miliyoyin kuma kusan mutane 800 aka samar musu da aikin yi.

Yi amfani da Geothermal

Galasa ta Galician tana da wadata, tana haifar da fure da shimfidar wurare na musamman, amma ƙananan ƙasa ma na musamman ne don ajiyar dukiya, a yawancin ɓata lokaci. Toari da ƙarfin zafin jiki, dole ne mu ƙara wadatar yanayin ƙasa.

Bisa ga binciken da yawa, Galicia na iya jagorantar sabon juyi a cikin amfani da makamashin geothermal, ba kawai a matsayin tushen zafi ba har ma a matsayin tushen samar da lantarki.

A yau, Galician geothermal ya riga ya zama jagora na ƙasa. Dangane da bayanai daga Acluxega (ofungiyar Xeotermia Cluster ta Galicia), al'umma a cikin 2017, adadi na tsarin 1100 na kwandishan mai samar da yanayi tare da famfo mai zafi. Wannan adadi, ƙarami idan muka kwatanta shi da manyan ƙasashen yankin Turai, amma babban adadi a matakin Sifen.


Game da iko duka shigar thermal, an kiyasta cewa a ƙarshen 2016 a Galicia adadi ya kai kimanin megawatts 26.


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