China ta karbi jagorancin Turai a bangaren sabunta makamashi

Hasken rana a China

Mai gabatarwa a cikin kuzari mai sabuntawa, Tarayyar Turai, China ta mamaye ta a cikin wannan shekarar da ta gabata.

A bayyane yake cewa cigaban kuzarin sabuntawa yana cigaba a duk duniya, tabbacin wannan shine duk labaran da muke samu a kullun a RenovablesVerdes.

Idan muka duba cikin sauri ta hanyar yanar gizo zamu iya ganin hakan, na wadannan kuzari, makamashin rana da iska sune wadanda ke fuskantar gagarumar nasara kuma a halin yanzu suna cikin kyakkyawan yanayi don yin gogayya da mai.

Hukumar Kula da Makamashi ta Kasa da Kasa (IRENA) samar mana da wasu bayanai wadanda zamu iya ganin hakan farashinku zai ci gaba da sauka.

Adnan Amin, Darakta Janar na IRENA ya bayyana a yayin gabatar da rahoto na yanzu a Abu Dhabi cewa:

“Wannan sabon karfin yana nuna gagarumin canji a tsarin makamashi, misali, farashin makamashi na photovoltaic zuwa kusan kashi 50 a kan matsakaicin duniya a cikin shekaru 3 masu zuwa.

“Shawarwarin sabunta makamashi a cikin samar da wutar lantarki ba wai kawai na muhalli ba ne, amma sama da duka, shawara ce ta tattalin arziki mai hankali. Gwamnatoci a duniya sun yarda da wannan damar kuma suna inganta tsarin makamashi mara kyau a cikin carbon dioxide ”

China ta karbi jagorancin Turai a bangaren sabunta makamashi

Kasar Sin tana samun ci gaba sosai kan fasahohin da ke gaba kuma tana bunkasa kasashe masu karfin hasken rana da iska fiye da kowace kasa a duniya.

Masanin tattalin arziki Farfesa Claudia Kemfert, na musamman kan makamashi, daga Cibiyar Nazarin Tattalin Arziki ta Jamus ta nuna cewa:

"Kasar Sin ta dauki wannan shugabancin ne saboda ta fahimci babbar damar kasuwa da kuma ci gaban tattalin arziki."

Dangane da bayanai daga Bloomberg New Energy Finance, China ta kashe dala biliyan 133 a bangaren sabunta makamashi a shekarar da ta gabata. Fiye da rabin wannan kasafin kudin ya tafi zuwa hasken rana.

A cewar NEA, Hukumar Kula da Makamashi ta kasar Sin, an shigar da tsire-tsire masu daukar hoto tare da karfin kusan GW 2017 a shekarar 53 kadai, dan kadan fiye da rabin karfin duniya.

Jamus, majagaba har zuwa wani ɗan lokacin da ya gabata dangane da makamashin hasken rana, don wannan shekarar ta taɓa 2 GW na ƙarfin kawai.

Kuma shi ne, tare da manufofin ci gabanta, China ta maye gurbin Turai gaba ɗaya a matsayin jagora a cikin kuzarin sabuntawa kuma, a cewar Bloomberg New Energy Finance, a cikin 2011 da 2017, waɗancan saka hannun jari sun ragu zuwa ƙasa da rabi, musamman har dala miliyan 57.

Hans-Josef Fell, Shugaban Kungiyar Kula da Makamashi ya bayyana cewa:

“Har zuwa shekarar 2011, EU na da rawar jagoranci a bayyane. Saboda gazawar siyasa tasa, ya sadar da ita.

"An tsara wata manufa don kare tattalin arzikin makamashin nukiliya, gawayi, mai da iskar gas, daga makamashin sabuntawa."

Shin Turai za ta sake dawowa ƙasa?

Shugaban Hukumar Tarayyar Turai, Jean-Claude Juncker ayyana:

"Ina son Turai ta zama jagora wajen yaki da canjin yanayi."

Theasashe membobi, Hukumar Tarayyar Turai da Majalisar Tarayyar Turai suna yin nazari da muhawara kan matakan da za a iya ɗauka da zama dole a cikin tsarin babban kundin dokoki ƙarƙashin taken: "Tsabtaccen makamashi ga dukkan Bature".

Ginin majalisar dokoki Brussels

Shawarwarin da Hukumar Tarayyar Turai ta gabatar ya nuna cewa rabo daga sabunta kuzari ya tashi zuwa 27% nan da 2030, dangane da yawan cin kuzarin (a halin yanzu yakai 17%).

Babbar matsalar a Turai ita ce kamar yadda Stefan Gsänger, Sakatare Janar na WWEA (World Wind Energy Association) ya nuna, kasuwanni suna tsayawa ko ja baya.

“Yanzu a Turai muna da mafi ƙarancin saka hannun jari fiye da shekaru goma. A karkashin wadannan sharuɗɗan, babu shakka 'yan kasuwa ba za su iya saka hannun jari ba a cikin taro ko kuma ƙirƙirar sabbin abubuwa na fasaha. Sakamakon haka, bidi'a na faruwa a wani wuri.

Idan Turai na son kalubalantar shugabanci da gaske, to ya kamata EU ta yi fatan akalla burin kashi 50 cikin 2030 na makamashi mai sabuntawa dangane da yawan amfani da makamashi nan da shekarar XNUMX ”.

Mamayar China

Babu shakka, ga China fadada ƙarfin kuzari ya fi sauƙi ga Turai saboda a ƙasar farko yawan kuzari yana ƙaruwa har abada.

julian schorp, daga Chamberungiyar Masana'antu da Kasuwanci ta Jamus a Brussels ta yi bayani:

"A can suke saka hannun jari a sabbin dabaru, ba tare da bukatar cire burbushin halittu ko karfin nukiliya daga yaduwa ba," in ji shi.

A Turai, akasin haka, akwai wadatar rarar da makamashi, bisa ga ƙa'idodin EU, dole ne ma su sauka.

Don haka kuzarin sabuntawa yakan kawar da wasu tsire-tsire masu samar da wuta daga kasuwa ”.


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