Chile tana shirin kawar da tsire-tsire na kwal

Coal shuka Idan 'yan siyasa sun yarda, Chile tana ɗaukar babban ci gaba a cikin ta manufofin sabuntawa. Chileasar ta Chile tana so ta rage darajar tattalin arziƙin ta 2050.

A zahiri, Chile ta ba da shawarar kada a fara haɓaka sabbin tsire-tsire masu ƙera kwal, waɗanda ba su da tsarin kamawa kuma ajiyar carbon ko makamancin fasahar. Kari akan hakan, ya hada da killace kayan aiki na wannan yanayin da ake samu a halin yanzu.

An yanke shawarar ne ta hanyar mafi yawa importantes na ƙasar, kamar su AES, Colbun, Enel da Engie cikin yarjejeniya da gwamnatin da Michelle Bachelet ta jagoranta.

"Jiran alkawurranmu ga Yarjejeniyar Paris kuma saboda haɗin gwiwar kamfanonin samar da kayayyaki, Chile za ta sami ci gaba mai raguwa. Ba za mu sake gina wasu tsire-tsire masu amfani da makamashin kwal ba, kuma a hankali za mu rufe kuma mu maye gurbin wadanda ke wanzu, "shugaban ya wallafa a shafinsa na Twitter dangane da wannan shirin, wanda ya sanya Chile a sahun gaba a kokarin da ake yi a Latin Amurka don magance canjin yanayi. (wani abin da kwal ya haifar, a tsakanin sauran gas mai ƙarancin iska).

Harajin carbon Australia

Sabuntawa a yau

A halin yanzu, 40% na wutar lantarki ta Chile ana samar da ita a cikin tsire-tsire masu zafi wanda ake samarwa da kwal, wanda ya sanya wannan shine babban tushen samar da wutar lantarki a cikin ƙasar. Koyaya, canjin kuzari wanda yake ɗauka yana cikin layi tare da mahimmancin ci gaban hakan hanyoyin sabuntawa sun samu a cikin ƙasar:

Sabuntawa har zuwa Maris 2014 kawai ya dace da 7% na jimlar matrix, wanda ya ninka har zuwa Maris 2017. Mafi ƙarfafawa shine makamashin hasken rana, wanda bisa ga Hukumar Makamashi ta inasa a watan Fabrairun wannan shekara, kashi 76% na ayyukan da suka dace bangarorin hasken rana masu daukar hotoDon haka, a cikin Tsarin Tsarin Haɗin Tsakiya 5% ya fito daga wannan nau'in makamashi. Hakanan akwai ayyukan iska da na ruwa.

Profitarin riba

Baya ga kasancewa mai ɗorewa, abubuwan sabuntawa sun fi fa'ida, ko kuma rahotanni da yawa game da tasirin tattalin arziki sun ce: LEl Romero Solar photovoltaic shuka, aka ba da izini kuma an haɗa shi da layin wutar a cikin 2016, ya bayyana cewa a lokacin rayuwarsa mai amfani, wanda aka kiyasta ya kai shekaru 35, zai ba da gudummawar dala miliyan 316 ga Gross Domestic Product (GDP), “ninki biyu na daidaitaccen tsire mai kwal.

El Romero Solar, tare da 246 MWp, mafi girman tsirar hoto a Latin Amurka lokacin da ta fara aiki

makamashin hasken rana da farashin haske

Nan gaba

A cewar Ministan Makamashi na Chile, Andrés Rebolledo “Muna da yanayi na musamman don ci gaban makamashi masu sabuntawa. Mun sanya wa kanmu burin nan da shekarar 2050 aƙalla 70% na matrix ya dogara ne akan su, kuma zamu iya kaiwa zuwa 90% ”.

da kamfanonin lantarki Da alama sun dace da gwamnati. Wannan shine yadda suka bayyana, a cikin wata sanarwa ta hadin gwiwa, daga Ma’aikatar Makamashi da ofungiyar Generators: “Godiya ga gagarumin ragin kuɗaɗe da yawaitar fasahar zamani da ake sabuntawa waɗanda aka shigar cikin matrix ɗinmu, masana'antar samar da wutar lantarki ta hango wani ƙara sabunta nan gaba ”.

“Shawarwarin da Chile ta yanke yayi dai-dai da ci gaba da lalata abubuwa kuma ya nuna babbar hanyar da karfin buda ido ya bude saboda amfanin sa”, Bayani ya nuna, bi da bi, Enrique Maurtua Konstantinidis, darektan Canjin Yanayi a Fundación Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (FARN).

Don haka, gwamnati ta ba da haske game da babban sauyin da aka aiwatar a cikin 'yan shekarun nan yana mai da martani ga manufofin jama'a waɗanda aka tsara tare da haɗin gwiwar jama'a da masu zaman kansu, ta tabbatar da cewa "ɓangaren makamashi yana jagorantar saka hannun jari kuma ya sami nasarar ragewa sosai farashinsuYana da hankali ga sababbin kasuwancin kuma yana da babban matsayi na gasa ”.

Babban Daraktan Hoton na Chile, Myriam Gómez, ya ce “ba tare da wata shakka ba, kasancewar matrix ya mai da hankali kan kuzarin sabuntawa da amfani da albarkatunmu yadda ya kamata, ɗaukar matakai masu ɗorewa zuwa nan gaba, su ne manyan fannoni don martabar ƙasarmu. A zahiri, bisa ga rahoton 2017 na mashawarcin ƙasashen duniya Ernst & Young, enearfin Rarfin Energyarfin Countryasa na enearfafa ,asa, ƙasar tana kan gaba wuri na shida a duk duniya tsakanin ƙasashe waɗanda ke da kyakkyawan dama a ci gaban NCRE ”.

  low farashin makamashin hasken rana

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