Mafi girman gonar iska a Spain tana cikin El Andévalo (Huelva)

Gidan iska na Huelva

Spain, kasancewa kamar yadda yake a majagaba kuma kasa mai jagoranci a cikin amfani da makamashin iska, kodayake a cikin 'yan shekarun nan girke sabbin wuraren shakatawa ya tsaya. Kodayake, har yanzu muna iya alfahari da kasancewar mafi girman gonar iska a cikin Nahiyar Turai.

Haɗin El Andévalo ne, wanda tare da ta 292 MW Ikon kawai ya wuce filin shakatawa na Whitelee, a Scotland, wanda ya kai 322. Babban abin mamakin shine dukansu mallakar kamfani daya ne, kuma Sifen ne, Iberdrola Renovables, kuma dukkansu suna da turbin daga kamfanin Basque na Gamesa.

Lokacin da mallakar Andévalo 'yan shekarun baya, kamfanin ya inganta matsayinsa na shugaban makamashi ƙarfin iska duka a cikin Andalusia, tare da 851 MW, da kuma cikin Spain, tare da 5.700 MW.

Ina Andévalo yake?

Tana tsakanin garuruwan Huelva na El Almendro, Alosno, San Silvestre da Puebla de Guzmán, a kudancin wannan lardin na Andalus. Hadadden, wanda ya fara gudu a cikin 2010Ya ƙunshi gonaki takwas na iska: Majal Alto (50 MW), Los Lirios (48 MW), El Saucito (30 MW), El Centenar (40 MW), La Tallisca (40 MW), La Retuerta (38 MW) , Las Cabezas (18 MW) da kuma Valdefuentes (28 MW).

Gabaɗaya, sama da aka ambata 292 MW, wanda ke ba da damar samar da wutar lantarki a kowace shekara na wannan babbar masana'antar don samar da gidaje 140.000 kuma ana lissafin cewa zai guji fitar da iska zuwa yanayin da bai gaza ba 510.000 tons na CO2.

Ya kasance a cikin Fabrairu 2010 lokacin da Iberdrola Renovales ya mallaki dukkanin hadaddun. Cibiyar iska ta Los Lirios ita ce ta ƙarshe da ta samu, a zaman wani ɓangare na yarjejeniyar siye da siyarwa don gonakin iska a Andalusia da aka sanya hannu tare da Gamesa. Aikin, wanda wani bangare ne na yarjejeniyar da kamfanonin biyu suka sanya wa hannu a 2005 don sayar da gonakin iska a Andalusia. Kudin sa na ƙarshe ya wuce Euro miliyan 320.

A zahiri, kamar yadda muka yi sharhi a baya, an gina duka wurin shakatawa da shi Wasanni na Gamesa, ta amfani da samfurin turbine na iska guda biyu, G90 da G58, wanda ke ba da 2 MW da 0,85 MW na ƙarfin naúrar bi da bi.

Don kwashe makamashi daga El Andévalo, Iberdrola Injiniyanci da Gine-gine sun sa Red Eléctrica de España sabon layi mai nisan kilomita 120 wanda ya haɗa Puebla de Guzmán da garin Guillena na Sevilliya. Bugu da kari, ainihin shirin ya yi tunanin gina layin na biyu wanda zai hada Puebla de Guzmán da Fotigal, wanda kuma muhimmancin wurin shakatawa shima yanayi ne mai kyau.

Tare da gina wannan babban kayan, 50 sababbi kai tsaye jobs an tsara shi don aiki da kula da wuraren shakatawa, ban da ƙarin masu aiki 400 waɗanda suka shiga tsakani a lokacin ɓangaren wuraren shakatawa daban-daban.

Kodayake kamar yadda aka faɗi kafuwa yana aiki sashi tun 2010, an ƙaddamar da ginin a watan Maris na 2011 tare da kasancewar shugaban Junta de Andalucia na yanzu, José Antonio Griñán, da na Iberdrola Renovables, Ignacio Galán. Ba sai an faɗi ba cewa wannan rukunin shine wanda ya ba da babbar gudummawa ga makamashin iska a lardin Huelva, musamman, 292 na 383,8 MV na iko a lardin.

Da yawa sosai, cewa Energyungiyar Makamashi ta Andalusian ta kiyasta gudummawar Huelva ga ƙarfin iska a cikin jama'ar masu zaman kansu da kashi 11,5, wanda a cikin Spain shine wanda ya fi girma a wannan ɓangaren sabuntawar a cikin shekaru biyar da suka gabata. Ana amfani da dukkan ƙarfin iska na Huelva don samar da gidaje 164.000 kowace shekara.

Iberdrola zai iya inganta Energía

Iberdrola Renovables Energía shugaban kasuwanci ne na Rukunin Iberdrola tare da ofishin rajista a Spain, wanda ke aiwatar da ayyukan sassauƙa na samar da wutar lantarki da kasuwanci na makamashin lantarki ta hanyar tushen makamashi mai sabuntawa kuma cewa, sabili da haka, yana nufin aiwatar da kowane irin ayyuka, ayyuka da aiyuka da suka shafi kasuwancin samarwa da kasuwancin wutar lantarki ta hanyar wuraren amfani da su sabunta makamashi.

Waɗannan na iya zama wutar lantarki, iska, thermosolar, photovoltaic, ko daga biomass; samarwa, magani da kuma kasuwanci na man fetur da samfuran da aka samo; da aikin, injiniyanci, ci gaba, gini, aiki, kulawa da kuma zubar da kayayyakin da aka hada a sama, ko na wasu ne ko mallakar su, aiyukan bincike, karatun injiniya ko makamashi, muhalli, fasaha da tattalin arziki, masu alaka da irin kayan .

Iska

Abubuwan da aka ambata a sama ana aiwatar da su ne a asali a cikin Spain da kuma a cikin yankin ƙasa wanda ya faɗaɗa Fotigal, Italia, Girka, Romania, Hungary da kuma zuwa wasu ƙasashe, kuma ana aiwatar da su kai tsaye, gaba ɗaya ko wani ɓangare, ko ta hanyar mallakar hannun jari, sa hannun jari, ƙididdiga ko ɓangarorin da suke daidai a wasu kamfanoni ko ƙungiyoyi.


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