What to plant in an urban garden

what to plant in an urban garden

Sustainability is within the reach of each and every one of us. An example of sustainability is an urban garden. An urban garden is a space for food production that is located within urban areas, such as cities or towns. Their main goal is to grow fruits, vegetables, herbs and other edible plants sustainably and locally. Many people don't know what to plant in an urban garden according to space, variety, climate, etc.

Therefore, in this article we are going to tell you what to plant in an urban garden depending on the climate zone you are in and the characteristics of the planting decade.

Where are the urban gardens located?

home garden crops

These orchards are usually located in backyards, rooftops, balconies, parks, or any other available space within the city. They can range in size from small planters to larger plots, and are designed to fit the space constraints that characterize urban areas.

The practice of having urban gardens has gained popularity due to various reasons. First, it allows people to have more control over the food they eat, encouraging a healthier and more sustainable diet. In addition, it contributes to reducing the ecological footprint by reducing the need for transport and packaging of food products.

These growing spaces they also offer social and community benefits. Urban gardens can be meeting places where residents come together to work together, exchange knowledge and strengthen neighborhood ties. They are perfect for promoting environmental awareness and respect for nature in urban settings where disconnection with the environment often prevails.

The process of cultivating an urban garden involves a series of activities, such as preparing the soil, sowing the seeds or planting seedlings, caring for the plants by watering and removing weeds, and harvest food when it is ready to be eaten. Most people do not know what to plant in an urban garden.

What to plant in an urban garden with little space

What to plant in a small urban garden

In an urban garden with little space, it is important to make the most of every available inch. In these cases, adapted tables can be used to sow on them that take up less space. Let's see which are the most recommended plantations for those people with little space:

  • Aromatic herbs: Herbs like parsley, cilantro, basil, mint, thyme, and rosemary are perfect for a small urban garden. You can plant them in pots or in growing boxes on the windowsill or on balconies.
  • Lettuce and spinach: These leafy greens grow quickly and are great options for growing in compact spaces. You can plant them in hanging pots or in stackable grow boxes, which maximizes vertical space.
  • Cherry tomatoes: They are small and compact varieties that adapt very well to limited spaces. You can grow them in pots or containers hanging on walls or railings.
  • Radishes: Radishes are fast growing and are perfect for small gardens. They are also ideal for growing with children, as it allows them to see results in a short time.
  • Strawberries: Strawberries are an excellent choice for growing in hanging containers or in pots.
  • Zucchini and miniature cucumbers: There are varieties of zucchini and cucumbers designed specifically for urban gardens. They are smaller and more compact, ideal for small spaces.
  • Dwarf Peppers and Chilis: As with zucchini and cucumbers, there are varieties of peppers and chili peppers that are well suited to small urban gardens.
  • Onions and garlic in pots: You can grow green onions and garlic in pots or in small spaces. They are low maintenance and require little space to grow.

What to plant in an urban garden with more space

strawberry plantation

In a more spacious urban garden, you have the opportunity to expand the variety of crops and experiment with plants that require more space to grow. These orchards are usually found on the roofs of buildings or even many neighborhood communities have gardens and green spaces where they grow their home crops.

Let's see what are the main recommended crops if you find more space in the garden:

  • tomatoes: In a larger space, you can grow larger varieties of tomatoes, such as vine tomatoes or standard size tomatoes. These may need a bit more vertical space and supports to grow properly.
  • Pumpkins and zucchini: Pumpkins and zucchini are crops that need space to spread. If you have enough space on the ground, you can plant these climbing vegetables and provide supports or structures for them to thrive.
  • Eggplants: Eggplants are also space-loving plants and can be a great addition to a larger urban garden. Look for compact varieties if you have size limitations.
  • Asparagus: Asparagus is a perennial crop that can grow for several years if cared for properly. They require space in the ground and a bit of patience, as they take time to establish themselves and produce full crops.
  • Fruit bushes: If you have enough space and sunlight, consider planting fruit bushes like blackberries, raspberries, currants, or blueberries. These shrubs can bear delicious fruit year after year.
  • Leafy vegetables: With more space, you can grow a wide variety of salads and leafy vegetables, such as spinach, arugula, lettuce of different types, and Swiss chard. You can create mixes of colors and flavors to enjoy fresh salads all season long.
  • Dwarf Fruit Trees: If you have a larger area and enough sunlight, consider planting dwarf fruit trees, such as apple, pear, or plum trees. These trees take up more space, but they also provide a delicious reward in the form of fresh fruits.
  • climbing legumes: If you have structures to allow the plants to rise, you can grow climbing legumes like peas, beans, and lima beans. These crops add nitrogen to the soil and are a fantastic option for larger urban gardens.

As you can see, the variety of crops that can be grown is enormous. Although there are few with little space, you can work in an orchard that generates great satisfaction and a good approach to the environment and sustainability.

I hope that with this information you can learn more about what to plant in an urban garden and what aspects you should take into account.

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