How to plant tomatoes: the best tips

tomatoes at home

One of the best-known and most frequented crops in urban gardens is the tomato. There are numerous aspects to take into account when we want to cultivate in take. From having to select the type of tomato that we are going to plant, to the conditions and care it needs.

Therefore, in this article we are going to tell you some of the best tips for growing tomato.

Tomato species to plant

organic tomatoes

When deciding what type of tomato to select, you must take into account the range of options available. When embarking on the path of tomato planting, The initial decision we face is the selection of the specific variety we want to grow. While personal preferences play an important role in this choice, it is crucial to consider several factors that can affect the outcome of our harvest.

You have the option of selecting determinate or indeterminate tomatoes. Knowing the classification of the variety of tomato that we plan to plant is very beneficial, since it is divided into two different categories that have contrasting characteristics. These categories are determinate and indeterminate tomatoes.

To combat pests and diseases, It is advisable to choose crop varieties that have natural resistance. Typically, heirloom varieties that have been grown in the region for generations have already adapted to the local climate and developed defenses against common pests. To determine which varieties are best suited for your area, it is recommended to consult with local farmers who have first-hand knowledge and experience.

Tips for growing tomatoes

tips for growing tomatoes

Ideally, tomatoes should be planted in January in the northern hemisphere, although some varieties such as Marmande can be planted as early as December. When planting during the winter season, it is important to provide protection, such as the use of a greenhouse or indoor setup. To ensure optimal germination, It is recommended to choose a heated seedbed that will maintain the ideal temperature throughout the process.

In the month of March we have the option of starting to sow in seedbeds that are not protected from the elements, although it is recommended to use a greenhouse to maintain humidity levels and safeguard the seedbed from possible temperature fluctuations. The seeds will begin to sprout in 7 to 10 days.

The transplant procedure

The transplanting process usually takes place about two months after initial planting, at a stage when the tomato plants have already grown four true leaves. When performing the transplant, there are several crucial factors that must be taken into account.

To ensure optimal growth, it is essential to provide the plant with additional nutrients from the beginning. This can be achieved by applying a generous amount of compost to the soil. As this is an early crop, it is susceptible to sudden drops in temperature, especially during the spring season. It is advisable to have mini greenhouses prepared as a precautionary measure.

To promote robust root growth, It is beneficial to bury the stem of the plant up to the first leaves. This stimulates the production of new leaves in a relatively short period of time. When it comes to spacing between crops, the specific variety plays an important role, but as a general guideline, plants usually require about 40cm of space from each other.

The volume of substrate required to grow tomatoes in a pot usually ranges between 16 and 20 liters, although it may vary depending on the specific variety. To ensure proper growth and stability, It is advisable to stake the plant from the beginning rather than waiting for it to grow. Given its size, the plant is susceptible to bending in windy conditions. Additionally, its sensitivity to humidity requires staking to facilitate optimal air flow between the leaves and fruits.

Tomato care

how to grow tomatoes

We are going to give you some of the best tips for tomato care:

  • Plantation: Choose a sunny spot in your garden with well-drained soil. Dig a hole deep enough to accommodate the tomato plant's root ball. Place the plant in the hole, cover it with soil, and gently press down to secure it.
  • Irrigation: Tomatoes need constant moisture, so water them regularly. Avoid overwatering, as this can cause root rot. Water at the base of the plant, keeping the leaves dry to prevent disease.
  • Fertilization: Feed the tomatoes with a balanced fertilizer to provide them with essential nutrients. Begin fertilizing when the plants begin to flower and continue every two to three weeks throughout the growing season.
  • Pruning: Remove the suckers, which are the shoots that grow between the main stem and the branches. This helps redirect energy to the fruit and promotes better air circulation, reducing the risk of disease.
  • Padded: Apply a layer of organic fertilizer around the base of the tomato plants. Mulch helps retain moisture, suppresses weeds, and regulates soil temperature.
  • Support: As tomato plants grow, provide support to prevent them from falling to the ground. Use stakes, cages or trellises to keep plants upright and facilitate better air flow.
  • Control of pests and diseases: Monitor your tomato plants regularly for signs of pests or diseases. Remove affected leaves or fruits quickly to prevent further spread.

Regarding irrigation, it is recommended to opt for a deep and spaced approach that effectively reaches the lower layers of the soil.

Light is a crucial factor for this crop, as it needs a minimum of 6 hours of sunlight. However, it reaches its maximum productivity when exposed to 8-10 hours of light. In terms of nutrients, this crop has high demands. The optimal approach is to constantly supply it with organic matter, which will ensure a complete supply of nutrients throughout its growth cycle. During the flowering stage, It is recommended to give it an extra boost with a fertilizer rich in phosphorus and calcium, such as guanoforte.

If you follow these tomato care guidelines, you will be able to enjoy a successful and productive tomato harvest. Remember to observe the plants closely and make any necessary adjustments to ensure their optimal growth and health.

I hope that with this information you can learn more about the best tips for growing tomatoes.

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