How to make homemade compost

how to make natural homemade compost

When we have a garden or orchard at home and we want to start cultivating, it is better to choose a completely natural organic fertilizer. For this purpose, natural compost can be created. Organic waste is required, which is obtained through a process called composting. This natural organic fertilizer is produced thanks to the action of microorganisms responsible for decomposing organic matter. However, there are many people who do not know how to make homemade compost.

For this reason, we are going to dedicate this article to telling you step by step how to make homemade compost so that your crops have the best yield and quality.

Key features

organic remains

As we mentioned before, compost is a type of soil made from organic waste. These organic wastes decompose due to the action of microorganisms responsible for decomposing organic matter. Once it breaks down, it produces a fertilizer that helps improve the environment and enrich crops.

It is not only a natural fertilizing fertilizer, but also improves the natural conditions of the land. In other words, soil fertilized with all-natural compost gains plenty of nutrients and its own texture to better support all crops. Microbial degradation can be controlled so that different layers of organic matter can be alternately laid down and mineralized through a mixing process of natural decomposition.

As we all know, the soil must be rich in minerals and other nutrients. The same goes for this natural organic fertilizer. Fertilizers are produced through microbial degradation in a controlled manner in home compost bins. A composter is nothing more than a container in which organic waste can be stacked, allowing microorganisms to do their job, responsible for degrading organic matter.

How to make homemade compost from waste

how to make homemade compost

This compost can be made from organic materials and waste from our homes. There are many people who do not know how to make their own compost because they do not know what organic waste they can use. Microbes break down a lot of organic waste, but not all of it is effective. You have to be careful with waste such as bones, meat, fat, dairy, charcoal, or anything that has been treated with pesticides that can spoil the mixture.

It can be done using organic materials and waste from our home, but green is always recommended. For example, we can learn to make homemade compost from waste such as fruits, vegetables, egg shells and coffee grounds. Both contain high nitrogen content, which helps make the soil fertile. Brown items are wood, cow or horse droppings, cardboard or paper, and dead leaves. These elements, known as brown elements, contribute a high carbon content for composting.

The compost bin is where the compost bin is made. It can be made directly at home or purchased. Some compost bins have been optimized to increase the rate of compost formation. However, as it is a completely natural process, it must be adapted to the environmental conditions. In other words, the humidity and temperature conditions are necessary for the microbes to work faster and more efficiently.

Once we have considered all the suggestions, we can learn how to make homemade compost. A compost bin is where the compost is made. You must have enough space, depending on the space available in your home. The size must fit well for proper subsequent treatment. It must have slits that allow perfect ventilation, it must also be easy to handle and open quickly.

How to make your own compost at home

compost ingredients

Let's see step by step how to make homemade compost:

  • We will place a layer of haystacks about 30 cm high. On it we will place the remains of gardening, shavings, sawdust, vegetable residues and we will have to moisten it.
  • Later we will add a layer of about 15cm of food or garden scraps, which we will put back to moisten.
  • Then we add a layer of crushed manure of about 5-10 cm and water on top.
  • We should alternate using the same other layers as before. It is also necessary to prevent the compost from drying out at all times so that it cannot be invaded by mites, ants or other animals. Nor should we let it get too wet, as it helps fungi to multiply and gives off an unpleasant smell.
  • You must turn all the compost more or less every 15 days and then weekly. The maximum temperature should be kept between 50 and 60 degrees approximately. You will notice it when you insert your hand and see how hot it is. If you haven't turned up the temperature, it's a good idea to turn it back up and add soil, water, fertilizer, or green waste. You need to maintain a balance between dry, green material and extra soil so that microbes can speed up the process.

Once we are ready to compost, we must store it in bags and in a dry place until you use it as compost for your garden or pots. We must never forget that safety conditions must be maintained at all times. relative humidity of 60-80% so that bacteria and microorganisms can degrade organic matter properly. We must protect the compost bins from any type of climatic adversity. This adversity can alter the conditions inside the compost bin and alter the rate of biodegradation of organic matter.

The more we pay attention to detail when composting, the more we can learn how to make better quality homemade compost. A fertilizer will not come out that has nothing to envy to industrial fertilizers.

Services

Most the waste we generate in our homes is organic, which, after being processed, can be used as an organic amendment in orchards and gardens.

Home composting has many benefits for everyone:

  • Reduce the amount of organic matter that goes to landfills.
  • Reduce the use of inorganic fertilizers, which replace it.
  • Due to the water retention capacity of the compost, irrigation water can be saved.
  • Provides essential nutrients for the natural development of plants.
  • Provides benefits to citizens by reducing waste transportation costs.

I hope that with this information you can learn more about how to make homemade compost.


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