The countries with the most biodiversity

animals and plants

The term biodiversity encompasses the wide range of living organisms that populate our planet, including plants, animals, insects and fish. Biodiversity is the collective term for the diverse range of species that make up the intricate network of ecosystems. The entire planet is impacted by the degradation and loss of biodiversity, particularly affecting the most vulnerable beings such as animals and plants. However, what humanity seems to overlook is the crucial role that balance and diversity play in its own survival. The countries with the most biodiversity They are an example to follow for the conservation of nature and resources.

In this article we are going to tell you which are the countries with the most biodiversity, their characteristics and much more.

Countries with the most biodiversity

biodiverse countries

The American continent has the highest level of biodiversity on the planet, closely followed by certain countries in Asia, Africa and Australia, as well as the island of Papua New Guinea in Oceania. These regions collectively host more than seventy percent of the world's biodiversity, despite occupying less than 9% of the Earth's surface.

The criteria for preparing this list of the ten countries with the greatest biodiversity on Earth includes evaluating the abundance and diversity of forests, jungles, natural areas and the various species that inhabit them.

Biodiversity of Brazil

When it comes to its flora and fauna, this particular nation has the highest biodiversity index in the world. It takes the lead in terms of large numbers of freshwater fish and mammals. In addition, it houses an impressive variety of approximately 50.000 species of trees, plants and shrubs.

Similarly, this particular region of the world is plagued by the detrimental consequences of deforestation and the deliberate clearing of land for agricultural and livestock activities. These activities represent a serious threat to the preservation of the Amazon rainforest and the Pantanal ecosystem.

Biodiversity in South Africa

Southern Africa is home to an impressive array of biodiversity, and almost ten percent of the world's fish, plants and birds reside in this country. Besides, Six percent of known reptiles and mammals can be found here. Unfortunately, the region is grappling with the pressing problem of poaching and unregulated logging, which poses a significant threat to local ecosystems.


A multitude of plant and animal species live on this island in East Africa, with a significant proportion, seventy percent, exclusive to the region (such as lemurs or baobabs), which makes them a unique species that is only found on this island.

The belief prevails that there is a great variety of plants and an equal number of animals that remain undiscovered. The worrying prospect is that ongoing deforestation, which has already decimated almost three quarters of the tropical forests, can eradicate numerous species without even acknowledging their existence.

Biodiversity of Colombia

countries with more biodiversity

The Colombian territory is home to an astonishing variety of approximately 55.000 different species, which inhabit a wide range of ecosystems, precisely 324 in total. This remarkable biodiversity is possible thanks to the presence of natural forests that cover half of the country. However, the alarming problem of deforestation has arisen, which represents a serious threat to more than 1.500 species on the brink of extinction as their habitats are destroyed.

Ecuador and its biodiversity

In percentage terms and considering its compact dimensions, this nation has the most impressive biodiversity index in Latin America. Its lush tropical forests and stunning wetlands serve as habitat for approximately seven percent of mammal species, while a notable eighteen percent of known bird species, a total of 1.655 find their home within its borders.

Animals and plants of Mexico

The privileged location of this place gives it a unique status. Its topography is complex and diverse, with a wide range of microclimates. In addition, it has abundant coastlines, its vast sea being the almost exclusive property of this country. The biodiversity found here is truly remarkable, encompassing a wide variety of flora and fauna, both terrestrial and aquatic. In particular, It is home to extensive wetlands, mangroves and a huge reef located in the "Gulf of California."

United States

the countries with the most biodiversity

Within the extensive borders of the United States lies a vast expanse of land that is home to approximately 400 national parks encompassing a wide range of ecosystems, which They range from arid deserts to frozen glaciers, from lush forests to imposing mountains. and from extensive plains to majestic canyons. Among the multitude of natural wonders found within these parks are Yellowstone, Yosemite, Hawaii, and Glacier Bay in Alaska, each of which serves as a haven for biodiversity unmatched in its magnificence.


With its large size, the country has a wide range of natural resources. The diverse topography includes mountains, which make up 43% of the territory, as well as valleys, plains, deserts and coasts.

With more than 30.000 species of plants and almost 6.400 animals, The alarming problems of environmental pollution and deforestation have put approximately 20% of these species at serious risk of extinction.

Philippine Biodiversity

A group of 7.100 islands has a wide range of landscapes, which include mountains, coasts, seas and jungles. However, these islands are currently grappling with the detrimental impact of deforestation on their wildlife. Furthermore, the growing effects of climate change have intensified natural disasters such as typhoons and hurricanes, making them increasingly devastating.

Australia's vast biodiversity

Despite the predominantly arid nature of this country-island-continent, it boasts an astonishing variety of unique flora and fauna, including a wide range of fish from temperate regions, as well as iconic mammals and birds such as kangaroos and kiwis.

Australia's remarkable biodiversity is recognized around the world. This extensive land mass features a variety of distinct ecosystems and an extraordinary variety of species that are unique to this region.

I hope that with this information you can learn more about the countries with the most biodiversity and their characteristics.

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