Countries most affected by climate change

Extreme situations

It is clear that climate change will not affect all places in the world equally. There are situations more vulnerable than others. In this case, we find the countries most affected by climate change who are suffering the consequences of it. There are countries that, due to location and climate, are more vulnerable to the effects that climate change is having.

In this article we are going to tell you which countries are most affected by climate change, what its consequences are and what is being done about it.

The 10 countries most affected by climate change

countries most affected by climate change

A report published by Oxfam shows that the 10 countries most affected by climate change have witnessed a drastic 123% increase in severe hunger in the last six years. These nations have also been the target of the largest number of United Nations emergency requests related to severe weather patterns.

According to Gabriela Bucher, executive director of Oxfam International, climate change is no longer a time bomb; It has already detonated right in front of us. It has caused the appearance of severe weather conditions, such as droughts, cyclones and floods, which have increased significantly in the last half century and now they are five times more frequent and more dangerous than before.

According to the “Hunger and Global Warming” report, ten regions (Somalia, Haiti, Djibouti, Kenya, Niger, Afghanistan, Guatemala, Madagascar, Burkina Faso and Zimbabwe) have been frequently subjected to severe weather events over the last twenty years. Currently, there are 48 million people suffering from severe hunger in these countries, a figure that has doubled since 2016, when there were 21 million. Of those affected, 18 million people are at risk of famine.

Bucher explains that climate crises are proving to be the last straw for millions of people who have already suffered from ongoing conflict, increased inequality and economic upheaval. These recurring natural disasters are overwhelming the impoverished, plunging them deeper into extreme hunger as they struggle to adapt to the destructive wave.

Cases of hunger in the countries most affected by climate change

extreme weather events

The current drought in Somalia is the most serious in history, with predictions of famine in Baidoa and Burhakaba districts. As a result of the drought, one million people have been displaced from their homes. In terms of addressing climate change, Somalia ranks 172 out of 182 countries.

The ongoing drought in Kenya has led to a devastating loss of life for nearly 2,5 million livestock, as well as severe famine that has left 2,4 million people, including hundreds of thousands of children, without a livelihood. Children, in particular, suffer from acute malnutrition as a result of the famine.

Currently, an estimated 2,6 million people in Niger suffer from severe malnutrition, a staggering 767% increase compared to statistics recorded in 2016. The agricultural industry has been hit hard, with grain production down nearly 40% due to a combination of extreme weather patterns and ongoing conflict. If global warming exceeds 2°C, production of crucial staple crops such as millet and sorghum could see a further 25% decline in yield.

The hunger crisis in Burkina Faso has reached critical levels, with a staggering 1.350% increase since 2016. As of June 2022, more than 3,4 million people face extreme hunger, a situation that can largely be attributed to the escalation of armed conflicts and the rapid desertification of crop and grazing lands. Furthermore, if global warming exceeds the 2ºC threshold, the cultivation of crucial crops such as millet and sorghum could fall by 15% to 25%.

The Guatemalan region has been severely affected by a major drought that has caused the loss of almost 80% of the corn crop and a devastating blow to coffee plantations. Mariana López, a mother who resides in the town of Naranjo within Guatemala's Dry Corridor, reports that they have endured almost eight days with little or no sustenance. López has been forced to sell her property due to the incessant drought.

Global inequality

the countries most affected by climate change

Global inequality is exemplified by hunger caused by climate change. The countries with the least responsibility for the climate crisis are not only those that suffer the most from its consequences, but are also the least equipped to combat them. These 10 areas of climate change, which are particularly vulnerable, they produce just 0,13% of global carbon emissions, and all of them are among the third of nations that are least prepared to address the issue of climate change.

In stark contrast, countries that are industrialized and have high pollution rates, such as the G20, which represent a significant 80% of the global economy, have a collective responsibility for more than 75% of all carbon emissions worldwide. .

In many cases, wealthy companies that emit pollutants have the support of the leaders of these nations, who often receive significant support from them during political campaigns. During the last five decades, Hydrocarbon companies have obtained an average daily profit of 2.800 billion dollars. The total revenue from these companies in less than 18 days would be enough to fund all humanitarian appeals made by the United Nations in 2022, for a total of $49.000 billion.

To address the twin dilemmas of global warming and hunger, substantial policy changes are necessary. If swift and radical action is not taken, the escalating cycle of famine will continue unchecked.

Solutions to the problem

With the United Nations General Assembly meetings scheduled for this week and COP27 in November, it is up to the leaders of rich countries, specifically, to make good on their promises to reduce their carbon emissions. They must also finance measures to adapt to climate change and provide compensation for loss and damage experienced by low-income nations. Furthermore, they should inject the necessary resources to support the United Nations appeal, which is essential for the most affected countries to receive essential aid.

According to Bucher, it is impossible to rectify the climate crisis without addressing the inherent inequalities present in our food and energy infrastructures. She suggests that the costs of this effort could be covered simply by taxing the biggest polluters. If hydrocarbon companies allocated just 1% of their annual profits, they would generate an astonishing $10.000 billion. a sum that would almost close the gap in the call for global food security recently proposed by the United Nations.

According to Bucher, nations that are wealthy and responsible for a significant amount of pollution have a moral duty to compensate low-income countries that are disproportionately affected by climate change. This obligation is not a matter of charity, but rather an ethical imperative.

I hope that with this information you can learn more about the countries most affected by climate change and their situation.

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