Hybrid cars have brought novelties and innovations to the automotive world. There are many systems that offer advantages and that are making their way into international markets. The hybrid car It is one that works with both electrical energy and fossil fuels. We are going to analyze one by one the advantages and disadvantages that these vehicles offer for drivers of all types and the future expectations they present.
Is the hybrid car a good purchase choice? Keep reading to know all the aspects in full.
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Hybrid cars of the future
It is very common to find people who say that hybrid cars are the vehicles of the future. It is well known that They offer numerous advantages over conventional vehicles. During the last few years, the automobile industry has improved a lot in terms of the quality of the services it offers. Protection against accidents, performance improvements, energy savings and the use of renewable energy are many of the advantages that can be observed.
The development of hybrid cars has as its main mission the establishment of a vehicle that can belong to sustainable transport. Circulation and excess traffic are the main causes of air pollution in cities and this translates into a greater number of people with respiratory and cardiovascular problems as well as a depletion of fossil fuels.
Faced with this energy panorama, the hybrid vehicle breaks all the schemes by mixing the ability to function through electrical energy and using fossil fuels more efficiently. The energy efficiency of hybrid vehicles is much higher than that of conventional cars. Furthermore, by being a hybrid, we can reduce both fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere.
The technology that makes it possible for these vehicles to go out on the street has been developed with the aim of establishing a transition stage between conventional and electric vehicles. If we take the step directly, not only a long period of adaptation of drivers is needed, but reforms in all urban and interurban roads in the world. Since changing everything in a short time is complicated, hybrid cars are the solution.
Reasons why we shouldn't use fossil fuels
The real reality is that a hybrid car is not at all futuristic. On the contrary, it is something totally current. Its development is going from strength to strength and use is increasingly outsourced. The reasons why we should dispense with Fossil fuels when before they are:
- The depletion of natural resources such as coal, oil and natural gas is imminent. Its widespread and massive use is depleting reserves. There are hardly any new places left where new sources of oil can be extracted and those that exist have their days numbered.
- These fuels trigger serious environmental impacts such as air, water and soil pollution. The degradation of natural spaces in turn unleash more impacts that cause problems in the economic development of human beings.
- Excess greenhouse gases causes global warming that is triggering climate change.
- It is necessary to expand the energy mix to find our alternatives.
Advantages of hybrid cars
The first advantage that we can observe is the low power consumption. If we compare it with a conventional vehicle, hybrid cars have less energy consumption. Electric combustion combined with the classic internal combustion engine makes it use electricity on routes where you go at low speed and where it brakes and starts more times and uses gasoline for those areas where more power is needed, either due to speed or down the slope.
The batteries of these cars are recharged with energy from braking or if they are connected to the electrical network. Gasoline consumption is much lower than that of a conventional vehicle.
Another advantage is the reduction of CO2 emissions. Compared to the emissions of 148 grams of CO2 per kilometer traveled by a traditional vehicle, hybrids only emit 70 grams. This contributes enormously to the care of the atmosphere and, ultimately, of our planet. This advantage should be reason enough for the use of this vehicle to be exclusive.
The maintenance cost is lower than one of internal combustion. The repair is also lower. It is estimated that the economic consumption based on the maintenance of this type of vehicle during the first year of use becomes 45% less than a traditional one. Spending increases as the years go by, as is usual. After use, the parts wear out and need a change or modification.
Not everything is rosy when we talk about hybrid cars. Of course there are also disadvantages. The first is that the power that a normal vehicle can offer is not within the reach of these cars. Having to divide the engine into electricity and gasoline or diesel, the power is not that great. This is the main disadvantage.
Another is the initial cost. Being a technology that is still under development, it is more expensive. The design and construction of this type of vehicle is more expensive for manufacturers. It must be said that, although the initial cost is high, a return is obtained in time thanks to low fuel consumption and little maintenance.
Autonomy can be a problem if we compare it with that of the traditional ones. The electrical supply network for cars in Spain is still small. For this reason, autonomy is more vulnerable to being a general inconvenience in this type of vehicle.
The last disadvantage is the type of batteries. They are not reusableTherefore, these types of waste are generated at the end of their useful life. They are working on the development of reusable batteries.
I hope that with this information the advantages and disadvantages of hybrid cars become clearer.