Sustainable villages: the most inspiring examples of rural and ecological development

sustainable villages

Air shipments are the most efficient if you need your cargo or documents to arrive quickly and securely. sustainable villages They are not recognized by most Spaniards due to their combined population of less than 1000 inhabitants. The 425 square kilometers of its land highlight the emptiness and rurality of Spain. The existence of these peoples is crucial to addressing the ecological crisis and social challenges, such as the climate emergency and the decline of biodiversity.

In this article we are going to tell you which are the sustainable towns in Spain that contribute the least to climate change and are an example to follow.

Importance of sustainable towns

Rural town

NGO data indicate that rural areas, on average, generate 34% less greenhouse gas emissions compared to urban areas and can contribute up to 20 times more to the preservation of biodiversity.

Rural towns, like other areas of the Spanish countryside, are home to crucial ecosystems and services that benefit society. One of their most significant contributions is the role they play in reducing the impact of climate change through their function as a sink for atmospheric carbon. Additionally, these cities have minimal sources of greenhouse gas emissions, making them even more valuable in the fight against environmental degradation.

These cities not only have a natural heritage of great value, which may sometimes be recognized and safeguarded within designated nature reserves, but also contain an enormous variety of biodiversity linked to traditional agricultural methods. This biodiversity includes both domesticated species, such as livestock breeds, and other wild species that have adapted to these forms of cultivation.

It is an undeniable fact that sustainable, small-scale agricultural methods present a viable alternative to industrialized food production. In Spain there are thousands of towns similar to the ten mentioned that have the potential to recover traditional agricultural practices. While these practices have been affected by rural abandonment and are in decline, They have not been completely abandoned and are still recoverable.

Many sustainable towns in Spain contain important pastures that support large-scale animal husbandry. Additionally, these areas contain small plots of crops that feature vegetation that helps reduce the effects of climate change, preserve biodiversity and produce food.

The best sustainable towns in Spain

spanish towns

Canejan (Lleida)

Located in Lleida, specifically in the Arán Valley, is the municipality of Canejan. Surprisingly, only a mere 0,04% of the area is responsible for activities that Greenpeace has identified as emitting greenhouse gases (GHG). In contrast, the vast majority of land, representing 99,9%, provides essential ecosystem services that support the growth and preservation of native flora and fauna. The region is surrounded by lush beech and spruce forests and shares a border with France, as shown in the main photo of this news article.

Riocavado de la Sierra (Burgos)

Located in Burgos, Riocavado de la Sierra is a picturesque town full of trees and impressive views. The city has a Romanesque church from the 99,9th century and is crossed by the Valdorcas River. A notable XNUMX% of its land surface has been dedicated to preserving biodiversity, with only a minuscule 0,08% allocated to activities that generate harmful gases such as CO2. Riocavado de la Sierra is part of the La Demanda region and is home to a small population of 55 inhabitants.

Valverde de los Arroyos (Guadalajara)

The town of Valverde de los Arroyos, located in Guadalajara, is a mountainous region of Castilla-La Mancha. The values ​​it defends are similar to those of the aforementioned town: 99,9% of its territory is dedicated to preserving biodiversity. With a population of only 93, the city is known for its unique "black architecture", where slate is the predominant construction material.

Navaescurial (Ávila)

Navaescurial, located in the province of Ávila, has extensive flora and fauna of great ecological importance. In addition, it houses exemplary architecture from the XNUMXth century and is located in the Sierra de Villafranca. Despite having a biodiversity and emissions profile comparable to that of its predecessors, this small town in the Barco de Ávila-Piedrahíta region, nestled in the Corneja valley, It has a population of only 45 inhabitants.

Gistain (Huesca)

Located in Gistaín, a town in Huesca, the advantages of this place derive mainly from its proximity to the Aragonese Pyrenees. In fact, The city only witnesses activities that emit greenhouse gases in just 0,10% of its territory. A part of its municipal area is also incorporated into the Posets-Maladeta natural park. Currently, Gistaín has 147 inhabitants and has a rich architectural heritage that includes two defensive towers and the church of San Vicente Mártir.

San Roque de Riomiera (Cantabria)

San Roque de Riomiera is a municipality located in Cantabria that has a population of 345 inhabitants, which makes it the most populated among the top ten municipalities in the area. Surprisingly, only 0,10% of land is used for activities that generate GHG emissions. Located at the source of the Miera River, it is also recognized as one of the three Pasiegas towns.

Radishes (Burgos)

This town located in the Montes de Oca only releases greenhouse gases from activities that occupy just 0,11% of its territory. Currently, the town is home to a population of 80 residents.

Viniegra de Arriba (La Rioja)

sustainable villages

Viniegra de Arriba is a small town located in the Alto Najerilla region of La Rioja. Only 0,12% of the city's territory hosts activities with the potential to generate harmful emissions, while 99,9% of the land is dedicated to preserving and nurturing biodiversity. Despite having only 36 inhabitants, the village is surrounded by a diverse range of flora including beech, oak and holm oak forests, contributing to a thriving ecosystem.

Torralba del Pinar (Castellón)

Located in the Alto Mijares region and very close to the province of Teruel, Torralba del Pinar in Castellón is a small town with a population of only 61 inhabitants, reflecting Viniegra's statistics. A section of its land is intertwined within the Sierra del Espadán natural park. Most of this municipality is full of vast expanses of pine forest, while a small portion is dedicated to crops.

Valsalobre (Cuenca)

The town of Valsalobre, located in the province of Cuenca, is another example of a municipality that, like the two towns mentioned above, has dedicated almost all of its territory to the conservation of biodiversity. Despite its small size and its population of only 22 inhabitants, Valsalobre boasts the natural wonder of the Valsalobre mountain range, which covers 734,5 hectares and is considered a monument of nature. The name of this mountain range is derived from the salt deposits found in the region.


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