After a long wait, almost 20 years of waiting, since the project was conceived, the Iranian authorities have inaugurated the plant of Mokran solar power, in the eastern province of Kerman. It is the largest complex of its kind in the country and has a production capacity of 20 megawatts.
According to the Iranian Minister of Energy, Hamid chitchian. “Until now, offers have been made for the value of 3.600 million dollars of foreign investment in renewable energy ”.
Currently, Iran has the largest renewable energy production capacity in the Middle East, such as wind, geothermal, hydroelectric and solar; with a capacity that even allows it to export electrical energy. Iran has more than 300 days of sunshine a year, good winds for wind energy, as well as various hydroelectric plants, among other renewable energy sources.
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An increasingly common action in all parts of the plant, which has a very easy explanation according to the German Hans-Josef Fell, President of the Energy Watch Group.
“Now solar and wind technologies are very cheap. Cheaper, that energy from gas, oil, coal, that nuclear ... and, therefore, we can replace the conventional energy system with another that is fully renewable in the future ".
In the not too distant future, Iran will have a 100 megawatt solar power plant, which will be the largest in the Middle East.
Iran is considered a paradise for production and use of solar energy, has an average of 2.800 hours of sunshine per year. This potential and the grants offered by the government have provided countless opportunities to invest in this country.
La wind power in Iran has been experiencing wind generation growth in recent years, and has a plan to substantially increase current wind generation. Iran is the only wind turbine production center in the Middle East.
In 2006, there were only 45 megawatts of electricity generation from wind power installed (30th in the world). This was a 40% increase from 32 megawatts in 2005. In 2008, with Iran's wind power plants in Manjil (in Gilan province) and Binaloud (in Khorasan Razavi province) the total came to 128 megawatts electric. By 2009, Iran had a wind power generation capacity of 130 MW.
This capacity is increasing every year, with the opening of new parks. Without going any further, last March the last one was inaugurated. This is located in the town of Takestan in the province of Qazvin, and has a power of 55 MW. The project was promoted by the MAPNA group of companies, where it invested more than 92 million dollars.
Iran produces some 10.000 megawatts of hydropower, which is just over 14% of the total production of 70.000 mv.
The country's oil and gas wealth has delayed awareness of the need to develop renewable energy, but now plans are underway to increase solar, wind and hydro production.
One of the great Iranian plants is the Siah Bishe plant, first hydroelectric plant Pumped Storage Across the Middle East, a Four Decade Project
The mechanism consists of two reservoirs on the Chalus River, with dams 86 and 104 meters high and 49 and 330 meters long and a volume of about 3,5 million cubic meters, communicated by mega pipes in the interior of the mountain they drop the water with force on the turbines in the hours of demand and pump it upwards during the night, when there is unused electricity in the network.
The government also highlights the achievement for the Islamic Republic "to have carried out the project despite the limitations imposed by international sanctions" in recent years.
The Siah Brisheh plant cost around 300 million euros and required the hiring of more than 5.000 workers, is financed exclusively with Iranian capital and 90 percent of the technology and parts are Iranian.
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